WHY do pilots say HEAVY? Wake Turbulence EXPLAINED BY CAPTAIN JOE

  • Am Vor 3 years

    Captain JoeCaptain Joe

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    Dear friends and followers, in today´s video I´ll be explaining, why pilots say "Heavy" at the end of their callsign.
    I´m sure many of you have listened to LIVE ATC conversations here on youtube, and ever so often you can hear the controller and the pilot communicate with each other and the pilot always ends by saying his callsign and "Heavy" at the end.
    The "Heavy" is related to the ICAO wake turbulence categories. As all flying objects create turbulent air in their path, airplanes create so-called wake turbulence. And the heavier and the greater the angle of attack is the stronger the wake turbulence become. Therefore it´s absolutely vital that airplanes keep a safe distance to each other so to not enter the turbulence of the preceding plane.
    Cause of that matter the ICAO came up with a wake turbulence weight category chart.
    But see more about the minimum separations etc. in the video :)

    Thanks for watching, all the best your "Captain" Joe

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Flying Chef
Flying Chef

Did I actually see Kalaupapa airport?

Vor 7 Tage
Shuen Shogun
Shuen Shogun

I miss Concorde too!!!!!!!!!!!!! Because I don't even had a chance to see it before it retire!

Vor Monat
James S.
James S.

I always thought "heavy" meant the plane was in some sort of distress. Like having to make an emergency landing with full fuel tanks.

Vor Monat
Jan F
Jan F

It makes so much sense the way you explain things. I never thought I needed to know this, but so glad I do now.

Vor Monat
fliegeroh
fliegeroh

Very interesting, Joe, thanks.

Vor Monat
Rasika Upamali
Rasika Upamali

Joe: you can always go around Swiss001: am I a joke to you

Vor Monat
Jim McMaster
Jim McMaster

"You as a pilot..." *sips his coffee in career-paramedic with raised eyebrows & considers how it might have been a better choice*

Vor Monat
sandra scialdone
sandra scialdone

Why do pilots use the term "souls"?

Vor Monat
Joakim Svahn
Joakim Svahn

Thaty is the most long-winded explanation I have ever heard. Of anyting.

Vor Monat
Ezzy Eske
Ezzy Eske

Because your mother is on the flight.

Vor 2 Monate
Chris Gough
Chris Gough

I hate that this video is 2 years old. I’m curious how landing a “heavy” affects the takeoff of the awaiting plane on a shared runway. Would they send off the next plane after a “heavy” because of the longer gap needed for the next plane, or is there a waiting period for the wake to clear?

Vor 2 Monate
ZK-APA
ZK-APA

One thing about wake is that its only generated when the wings are producing lift. So when an aircraft finally touches down, because of the deceleration, the wake becomes weak. Therefore there isn't a major wake issue for a plane taking off after another plane has landed. Moreover, The aircraft waiting to take off will have to wait until the landing aircraft has cleared the runway.

Vor Monat
Tr20 Driver
Tr20 Driver

Why does “Captain” Joe have 3 stripes?

Vor 2 Monate
Hafiz Usman
Hafiz Usman

Thanks for knowledge.I dreamed about becoming a fighter pilot but ended up as an engineer 🤣

Vor 2 Monate
Pika pika Pikachu
Pika pika Pikachu

Please make Indonesia subtitle because many Indonesian people love aviation world but they can't understand English league.

Vor 2 Monate
Eric Keller
Eric Keller

"You as a pilot..." Me, a watercolor artist, interesting.

Vor 3 Monate
Zeynep Beyza Ertürk
Zeynep Beyza Ertürk

"You as a pilot" Sir, I teach English... This is how I choose to spend my sunday

Vor 3 Monate
thebeaz1
thebeaz1

I am not a programmer

Vor 3 Monate
thebeaz1
thebeaz1

Neither

Vor 3 Monate
sihong zheng
sihong zheng

Chinese? Great

Vor 3 Monate
Mark Usa
Mark Usa

Youu cann aaalways go around..😅😅

Vor 3 Monate
ThatsTom
ThatsTom

Do a video in german 😍

Vor 3 Monate
Kevin Luo
Kevin Luo

Ah yes, 2.26 million pilots watching this.

Vor 3 Monate
Miriam Schmitz
Miriam Schmitz

There are no German subtitles.. ☹️

Vor 3 Monate
Neel Shah
Neel Shah

Glider flies high than procedding aircraft cause wing top vortices created by glider are negligible or can say less than procedding aircraft.

Vor 3 Monate
thebeaz1
thebeaz1

Thank you for that important information.

Vor 3 Monate
Zinah Awab
Zinah Awab

Mr Joe you are not a captain you are a first officer

Vor 3 Monate
Daniel Wainaina
Daniel Wainaina

This question has been bothering me so much,,, Thanks Captain Joe

Vor 4 Monate
Darth vader
Darth vader

Subtitles suck shit

Vor 4 Monate
Don'tSpikeMyDrink
Don'tSpikeMyDrink

they are not that bad

Vor 3 Monate
ss ll
ss ll

why arent youtube tutorials available when i was 10. now its too late for me to switch career... T_T

Vor 4 Monate
William Edward
William Edward

The rapid philosophy sadly peep because memory advantageously prick down a agonizing quiver. humorous, future futuristic pilot

Vor 4 Monate
DzyMsLizzy
DzyMsLizzy

Once I read a definition of stress as, "Coming in to land at a large airport in a small plane, with a maximum speed of 140 MPH, followed by a commercial jet with a stall speed of 140 MPH." I don't know how accurate this is, as I'm sure there would be sufficient separation managed by ATC.

Vor 4 Monate
Marc Bergeron
Marc Bergeron

Ok! But if wake turbulences are so dangerous for airplanes who following us, how can it be possible for multiple airplanes to fly in tight formation without losing control?

Vor 4 Monate
George Reynolds
George Reynolds

The turbulence is behind the aircraft in formation. Small aircraft, including fast display jets, don't produce anything like the turbulence behind a large heavy aircraft.

Vor 4 Monate
George Payazitis
George Payazitis

They say heavy coz of the weight of the aircraft, maybe.

Vor 4 Monate
robert dickson
robert dickson

I stupidly thought heavy meant every seat occupied = heavy. duh... My next watch is 'Flt. attendant steals hotel van. 'Hot date?

Vor 4 Monate
56PapaBear56
56PapaBear56

I miss the Concord also

Vor 4 Monate
Anushree Mohan
Anushree Mohan

Your videos are awesome ! I don't think anyone makes such detailed videos like you do.

Vor 4 Monate
Denial1984
Denial1984

German?

Vor 5 Monate
Aaditya Pratap Singh
Aaditya Pratap Singh

Captain Joe (about the Concorde): God I miss this plane. I: You definitely aren't alone, captain. 😔

Vor 5 Monate
eLem3nT
eLem3nT

Ok so they're not calling the airplane fat? 🤔

Vor 5 Monate
Kyle Pifer
Kyle Pifer

When I was a kids we had to stack before landing at JFK. We circled around and dropped so long that I got sick🤢🤮. Do they still do that kind of stacking??

Vor 5 Monate
SharkJawYokel
SharkJawYokel

I’ll save you 10 minutes: heavy means the plane is heavier than 130 tonnes and said as a reminder during radio communication.

Vor 5 Monate
CHIMOY
CHIMOY

Houses near runway needs special rooftile Philippine houses near NAIA: pathetic

Vor 5 Monate
Alphaville86
Alphaville86

Heavy means the pilot needs to go on diet 😂 well done pilot

Vor 5 Monate
Paul M
Paul M

Captain? really?

Vor 5 Monate
Carl
Carl

Excellent explanation 👍

Vor 5 Monate
Heidi Coleman
Heidi Coleman

The impossible flute statistically heap because grass proportionally dance including a quarrelsome celery. confused, dizzy armchair

Vor 5 Monate
nomebear
nomebear

Super = Airbus A380, Antonov An-225 Mriya

Vor 5 Monate
Jesse James Bell
Jesse James Bell

Big Jet, Big Wake of turbulence !!

Vor 5 Monate
d gronzega
d gronzega

Yeah, ok. But WHY do they say heavy?!

Vor 5 Monate
George Reynolds
George Reynolds

To alert following aircraft that there is a turbulence risk. On a calm day, this turbulence can hang around for a few minutes, and a light aircraft could be flipped upside down if it encounters the vortices.

Vor 4 Monate
Martin Moore
Martin Moore

Capt Joe is not a Captain, his rank shows first officer

Vor 5 Monate
Diana Hilburn
Diana Hilburn

I always dreamed of flying on the Concorde. Beautiful plane

Vor 5 Monate
Gustavo Sanchez
Gustavo Sanchez

What's the word again heavy

Vor 5 Monate
C Y
C Y

Because Great Scotts! Was taken

Vor 5 Monate
Para
Para

You are a very positive guy and very knowledgeable which of course you have to be in your line of work. Very well explained Joe

Vor 5 Monate
McCoy RiDEs
McCoy RiDEs

its my dream of becoming a pilot, but it will only be a dream, shattered dream, 😭😭😭 stay safe always captain joe,

Vor 5 Monate
numbr17
numbr17

I really like this channel! Nice work Joe! Very informative, and plainly explained to those of us new to the content. Really appreciate this.

Vor 5 Monate
Harry Van Der Meulen
Harry Van Der Meulen

I always thought a captain has 4 bars.........

Vor 5 Monate
Adrien Pinard
Adrien Pinard

The wry ghana parenthetically mend because neon disappointedly lie atop a reminiscent profit. horrible, peaceful plantation

Vor 5 Monate
Delta Methrin
Delta Methrin

Jargons, every trade has it's own jargons.

Vor 5 Monate
LK
LK

Excellent. I thought heavy meant we are leaving so we are loaded W gasoline.

Vor 5 Monate
Eduardo Bogosian
Eduardo Bogosian

@8:28 "God I miss this plane" We all do captain... We all do...

Vor 5 Monate
LPVit
LPVit

good stuff, don't know how that info will be helpful to me but it's so interesting XD

Vor 5 Monate
BenjWarrant
BenjWarrant

You said 'preceding' plane when I think you meant 'succeeding' plane.

Vor 5 Monate
Doug Callahan
Doug Callahan

depends on the size of the flight attendants

Vor 5 Monate
Susan Muraguri
Susan Muraguri

I'm learning from you, Captain....will that make me a pilotess some day?.....lol!

Vor 5 Monate
Paul Collyer
Paul Collyer

No chance of me becoming a pilot anytime soon, but I’m a curious bunny. I always thought it meant they were fully loaded etc. This makes far more logical sense. Thank you

Vor 5 Monate
Lunatic Fringe
Lunatic Fringe

Plane full of fat sistas is heavy!!

Vor 5 Monate
Vanduir Da Silva
Vanduir Da Silva

Very cool information!!!!

Vor 5 Monate
James Lindsey
James Lindsey

It means there's a fat lady on the plane,lol

Vor 5 Monate
Jas B.
Jas B.

If a more efficient version of the Concorde could be built and operated at a profit would you pilot it?

Vor 5 Monate
SFC Tapia
SFC Tapia

When passengers are getting up to much or unruly the flight hostess calls CPT and puts on the return to seatbelts and bumps the plane around.

Vor 5 Monate
socalsilver
socalsilver

👍🏼

Vor 5 Monate
RickySTT
RickySTT

How is the Boeing 757 categorized, since (before the wings were retrofitted anyway) it created wake turbulence above its weight class?

Vor 5 Monate
Regular Guy
Regular Guy

Somewhere on the Tube is a video of a Cessna 182 landing at LAX. The comments section is priceless with advice on how the pilot should have called ATC. "Cessna 182 Heavy requesting your longest runway", that sort of nonsense.

Vor 5 Monate
pmailkeey
pmailkeey

8:00 "...a glider ALWAYS flies a little higher than the tow plane...." Oh no it doesn't. It depends whether they're using the high tow position or the low tow position ! The low tow position - as the name suggests, has the glider slightly below the towing plane. So which is better ? A: The low tow position. So why is it rarely used ? Because the towing plane is rarely a Lancaster bomber - or other suitably powerful aircraft. Most aerotows are carried out with very small single-engined planes. The engines are quite adequate for the plane but without a 'trailer'. Some small aeroplanes are not suitable as tow planes as their engines aren't powerful enough. So you set off on tow with only 'adequate' engine power for the 2 aircraft. The first thing to note is that the glider is always airborne before the tow plane as it needs less airspeed to fly. So the high tow position is quite a natural choice. However, where it really matters is when the towing plane is airborne - the glider is being towed from the tail of the light aircraft - so if the glider is slightly above the light aircraft, the light aircraft's tail is being pulled slightly upwards by the pull of the glider. This is FINE ! The towing plane pointing a bit down can accelerate & fly safely. However, if the glider is in the low tow position, it is pulling the towing aircraft's tail down, tending to make the aircraft climb. But has the aircraft engine enough power for an enforced climb ??? OK, so they can lower the elevator to keep their nose down or level - but in doing so, it creates more drag - which needs to be opposed by the thrust the engine might not have ! So, for small tow planes with not a lot of excess engine power, the high tow position is nearly always used for safety ! If the tow plane was a Lancaster, no one would care where you were ! For info, the tow rope can be released at all times from both the glider and the tow plane. It is normal for the tow plane to leave it attached until about to land (as that's likely where the rope's needed again). To protect both aircraft, the ropes have a 'weak link' commonly with a breaking strain of 1,000 lbs. [Dad used to take me to the gliding club some weekends back in the 70s - early 80s.]

Vor 5 Monate
pmailkeey
pmailkeey

8:07 +frames 3, 4 & 5 - WTF was that ? The two light aircraft were literally overtaken by something going supersonic speeds !

Vor 5 Monate
thebeaz1
thebeaz1

It's a pretty big aeroplane..........

Vor 5 Monate
tennisbum
tennisbum

Very concise explanation, well done

Vor 5 Monate
John Boughton
John Boughton

Flying Fat Dumb & Heavy

Vor 5 Monate
Jt Williams
Jt Williams

If this guy is a captain, why does he only have 3 bars? Duh! 🤪

Vor 5 Monate
thewargod1995
thewargod1995

So how is "Captain Joe" wearing 1st Officer stripes?

Vor 5 Monate
thewargod1995
thewargod1995

@Mark Taylor No. But it is my first time commenting. So instead of a smart ass comment how bout an explanation?

Vor 5 Monate
Mark Taylor
Mark Taylor

So it’s your first day here, huh?

Vor 5 Monate
atomflyer44
atomflyer44

I thought the winglets that most aircraft now have were to reduce the wingtip vortices or wake turbulence?

Vor 5 Monate
Jim Malley
Jim Malley

Goose, I can't reach the ejection handle!!!... you gotta punch us out!!!

Vor 5 Monate
billp4
billp4

cause it sounds cool?

Vor 5 Monate
Belkys
Belkys

BASE : ON , OTHER , [ POI-LOTS , ( TURBULENCE ) , IS , DUE , TO , GETTING TO , ( CLOSE ) , TO [ THE VAN ALLEN , RADIATION , BELTS ) OR TO , SOME , ( THE DOME ) , OVER , THE , EARTH. [ 🌎 ] .😳... ( PROOF ) ? . SEE , TRU YOUR , WINDOW.😳 THE [ DARKNESS , OF , SPACE 🤓) . .( JUST , ( MILES ) , AWAY ) 😳.!!!!! .DO , SOME , RESEARCH .? .📚📖📚!!! .

Vor 5 Monate
LEIF HOFFMAN
LEIF HOFFMAN

You just answered one of the biggest questions I had about Jets but never did any research. Thanks.............

Vor 5 Monate
David Moutardier
David Moutardier

Thanks for the information. Excellent!

Vor 5 Monate
XxMidnightToker420xX
XxMidnightToker420xX

I miss the concord also. I remember as a kid watching them at coney Island heading for jfk or leaveung jfk it seemed like maybe once day you'd see maybe 2 concords out of all the planes maybe Alil more but man I miss that pointy nose and how the nose angled down when it came for a landing. Ugh what a truly beautiful aircraft. I was lucky enough to see one in person after they were decommissioned there was one at the aviator center in Brooklyn for a Alil while I'm glad I was alil older then to truly admire it up close in all its glory

Vor 5 Monate
Ben Klassen
Ben Klassen

I learned something. Thanks.

Vor 5 Monate
Minor Issue
Minor Issue

Yeah, atc usually treats fat pilots differently. You can approach faster if you claim heavy, since fat people have more burden on their bodies. They need rest ASAP.

Vor 5 Monate
Steve Guest
Steve Guest

That’s great Info very interesting

Vor 5 Monate
Robert B
Robert B

“God I miss this plane” You, and me, and so many others ;) Greetings toward München from across the “pond” in Alabama! Guten Flug, Herr Kapitän! Und es speziells Schwiizer “Grüezi!” as I am sure you’ve heard many times approaching ZRH 😉

Vor 5 Monate
Alec Mayo
Alec Mayo

Don't captains wear 4 stripes, vs a first officer's 3 stripes? Should you be First Officer Joe?

Vor 5 Monate
:l
:l

7:21 Home owner: I hate the noise of the aircraft and my roof is damaged Me: You bought a house near an airport Home owner: .......

Vor 5 Monate
Bruno Tulliani
Bruno Tulliani

My wife calls me "Speed bird Heavy!" when in bed.

Vor 5 Monate
Cheick Diarra
Cheick Diarra

this is so cool

Vor 5 Monate
Communism is Evil
Communism is Evil

Very interesting explanation. I thought all planes were heavy! I hope the aviation industry will sort out woke left turbulance! 😆

Vor 5 Monate
mickd6942
mickd6942

Remember watching air crash investigations where wake turbulence caused a small private jet to flip and crash into a city center in Mexico I think

Vor 5 Monate
Martin Espinosa
Martin Espinosa

I thought it meant they had ravioli for lunch

Vor 5 Monate
Terry Burke
Terry Burke

hate to break it to you but a kilogram is not a ton.

Vor 5 Monate

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