The Science of Pyrotechnic Effects - with Matthew Tosh

  • Am Vor 6 years

    The Royal InstitutionThe Royal Institution

    Matthew Tosh, one of the UK’s leading pyrotechnicians, explains how fireworks and explosions are safely performed in a journey from fundamental combustion to the complex and visual effects seen around the world.
    Subscribe for more talks like this: bit.ly/RiSubscRibe

    How do we make gunpowder and launch fireworks in the air? How do they create the intricate patterns in the sky at firework displays or the bangs, whistles and crackles for sound effects? Matthew Tosh reveals the inner workings of a pyrotechnic extravaganza with fiery demos and explosive bangs.

    Matthew Tosh is a presenter, broadcaster and pyrotechnician. He’s built a reputation for bringing energy, enthusiasm and creative “spark” to events, live performances, television, radio and education projects. He is particularly well-known for his live event work involving fireworks and pyrotechnics all over the UK. Matthew has supervised fireworks as part of the London 2012 Torch Relay, as well as at many live orchestra concerts, awards ceremonies and, of course, Bonfire season displays.

    Subscribe for regular science videos: bit.ly/RiSubscRibe

    The Ri is on Twitter: twitter.com/ri_science
    and Facebook: facebook.com/royalinstitution
    and Tumblr: ri-science.tumblr.com/
    Our editorial policy: www.rigb.org/home/editorial-po...
    Subscribe for the latest science videos: bit.ly/RiNewsletter

awmperry
awmperry

Really good lecture - and nice to see the emphasis on not only being safe but teaching about safety.

Vor 6 years
Thunder Bag
Thunder Bag

Love the enthusiasm! I wanted to be a pyrotechnic when I was in school. Great science background to the craft too.

Vor 4 years
Raivolt
Raivolt

I wanna feel an "Infrared Fireworks Show!" Cool video, I always wondered how you guys made some of the effects, like crackles, roaring, whistles, showers of sparks, designs etc. You made some pretty funny comments too! You've definitely got an awesome job! I'll be looking for any other videos you made!

Vor 2 years
JustMe isthatok
JustMe isthatok

It's not just a Job.. it's a way of LIFE! People don't really get me though. And my fellow full time tech's tell me the SAME thing.. only others in the entertainment industry seem to have respect for us . UNLESS they want something.. and suddenly now I am popular

Vor 5 Monate
falconmick
falconmick

Amazing lecture, great work.

Vor 6 years
tiredmummy
tiredmummy

I'm 53 so I've see a fair few fireworks from the little box of standard fireworks when we were kids because cars weren't as common to get to displays in bigger towns, to organised displays. I'm concerned that way too many people buy fireworks that are too large for the garden/area they have.

Vor year
Kyle Richards
Kyle Richards

What a great lecture, I love this channel!!

Vor 4 years
Asen Georgiev
Asen Georgiev

I love this channel, I mean I can't attend those lectures, so it's amazing to watch it from home!

Vor 6 years
Papaw Loves You Forever buddy!!!
Papaw Loves You Forever buddy!!!

Asen Georgiev is that right? Congratulations!

Vor 4 years
Asen Georgiev
Asen Georgiev

@John W.S No, I'm interested in anything new that I can learn but physics and astrophysics are my thing!

Vor 6 years
John W.S
John W.S

What other interesting channels do you subscribe to? . The MIT OR Harvard talks/Lectures can be very interesting too. Is it pyrotechnics that you find the most rivetting? Thoisoi2 channel is worth a look , and Rulof maker is a very clever man, staying away from crazyRussianHacker will help conserve your IQ..

Vor 6 years
Bastien Wailly
Bastien Wailly

Brilliant lecture ! Thank you Ri :)

Vor 6 years
Jeremy Davenport
Jeremy Davenport

Absolutely outstanding lecture! I had the opportunity to register for limited use of professional grade pyrotechnics, and had a lot of fun, but as Mr. Tosh describes, safety was tantamount to proper enjoyment!

Vor 6 years
James B
James B

Ah ok, in the UK we have the ASP and the BPA, often you need to be a member of one of these to buy equipment and get insurance.

Vor 6 years
Jeremy Davenport
Jeremy Davenport

Basically, it was a Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives registration form, and we had to fill it out with type of explosives, date, time, location, safety equipment, and names of all who were to be present. In Idaho where I did this, the rules at the time required that registration form for anything that leaves the ground, or anything that deflagrates with destructive force. Basically, without registering (or a pyrotechnics' license, firecrackers and roman candles and mortar shells are illegal there.)

Vor 6 years
James B
James B

When you say register for limited use, what do you mean?

Vor 6 years
Andrew Lavey
Andrew Lavey

Very good presentation by Matthew with loads of information.

Vor 3 years
Timothy McAlee, Sr. GeD
Timothy McAlee, Sr. GeD

As an amateur inventor, I discovered gun powder, while working on a H^2O fuel source, during the first OPEC fuel embargo! Unsure of my discovery, I raced to my local library & sure enough, I had the ingredients of gunpowder! Then, as I continued reading, I further discovered, that I was 3500 years too late! The Chinese had beat me to it!!!

Vor 3 years
Elias Klein
Elias Klein

I enjoyed the lecture, but I was hoping for a bit more science and not just a pyro-show. Love his enthusiasm!

Vor 2 years
JustMe isthatok
JustMe isthatok

Please mention the dangers of STATIC electricity also. People DO play with items trying to make a louder bigger effect, no matter how much warning is given. Great presentation all in all! Thank you. Love the inert product demo!

Vor 5 Monate
Twitchi
Twitchi

Wonderfully entertaining and interesting

Vor 6 years
Patriot
Patriot

I really enjoy these lectures. They don't tell you enough to "try this at home" and of course "report it to the police" if you see a shell like that. That is sad their society is that controlled. The smaller shell is totally legal in the U.S. and it's not as dramatic as he stated.

Vor 9 Monate
LaserFloyd
LaserFloyd

The title had me at "pyro". Love these videos. Also 1:27 is how I light a candle, too. :D

Vor 6 years
Paul Stannard
Paul Stannard

Love the RI lectures - went to some as a kid, this guy is good but too much talking and not enough pyro......

Vor 3 years
Mythical Pyro
Mythical Pyro

Interesting video. Pyrotechnics are always fun.

Vor 2 years
Kris Mevoli
Kris Mevoli

Cool I love these videos. Glad I could watch one same day it's put up

Vor 6 years
Ketobbey Waters
Ketobbey Waters

Vor 6 years
Steve DL
Steve DL

`First time I ever came across real Pyrotechnics ( being from England ) was when I visited Valencia, Spain - to see one of their Festivals ( Las Fallas ). My interest in this particular Festival was piqued when I read, in Rough Guide to Spain, that this is `probably the most riotous Festival in the whole Country.` Well then , whom wouldn`t... ? Hells` Bell`s - it is totally insane. Pieces of trees dropping on top of my head whilst stood a quarter of a mile away from the action. People being wheeled off to hospital to have their ears checked. In fact, the first time I was there I went behind a tree and put my back to it - thinking that the tree might adsorb some of the sound energy that I could feel hitting my chest. It surprises me that any Valencian can hear at all.

Vor 3 years
JustMe isthatok
JustMe isthatok

U can use foam rubber or even cigarette filter in a pinch for hearing protection.

Vor 5 Monate
AK
AK

At 47:35 He talks about colours in fireworks, just for anyone who's trying to learn about pyrotechnics that has to do with colours, like I am trying to.

Vor 2 years
Greg La Roche
Greg La Roche

Great job !

Vor 3 years
davkrod
davkrod

9 minutes in and all he has told us is how good he is. Get on with it!

Vor 2 years
Systemrat2008
Systemrat2008

Great stuff thank you.

Vor 6 years
Tobu Rae
Tobu Rae

I do love this lecture, but I wonder if you could enable them to be captioned, please. There should now be an option to allow others to add captions for you, or to allow YouTube to auto caption and auto-translate. I'm hard of hearing, and from the US so trying to make sense of some of the accents and terminology without captions was a little difficult. Thank you for the great video!

Vor 4 years
JustMe isthatok
JustMe isthatok

Ask me any questions.. I'm in U. S. And very familiar with ALL pyro products.

Vor 5 Monate
Tobu Rae
Tobu Rae

Thank you for the response. I was unaware of the 1 hour limit preventing the auto caption. I truly appreciate the care and attention you took to my response. I'll be subscribing to you and hopefully your staff of 2.5 will continue to provide high quality content for years to come!

Vor 4 years
The Royal Institution
The Royal Institution

Hi Tobu Rae, we do have the option of adding captions available for all of our videos, for just the reasons you mentioned. We're a team of 2.5 people here, so we don't really have capacity to do the in-house at the moment (although we're fundraising on Patreon so fingers crossed we'll be able to do so in the not too distant future), so we rely heavily on our committed fans to donate their time and skills. YouTube auto captioning is also auto enabled but it won't work if the video is over an hour so this one is sadly still lacking subtitles.

Vor 4 years
Mike C
Mike C

awesome presentation

Vor 6 years
sockington1
sockington1

I wish we could get some lectures aimed at adults

Vor 5 Monate
Robin Halligan
Robin Halligan

Love this

Vor 6 years
G_ Blue_27
G_ Blue_27

I love his chanel because i like chemistry and fire

Vor 5 years
Reymarck Essaguirre
Reymarck Essaguirre

I like how the people up the stairs are coughing due to inhalation of MgO 😂😂

Vor 2 years
ZNITHZ
ZNITHZ

no wonder he is an expert each time he talks, the words are exploding 🤣🤣🤣

Vor year
schel sullivan
schel sullivan

I want to do this!

Vor 6 years
Elementis Regamus Proelium
Elementis Regamus Proelium

So in reality...there is no such thing as a explosion? Only super rapid expansion of gas.

Vor 3 Monate
Ramapriya D
Ramapriya D

They should've titled it "An Hour of Tosh" ;)

Vor 4 Monate
RanInThaCut
RanInThaCut

Woke up to this playing. Watched the rest and subbed

Vor 2 years
J S
J S

I don't know, I think he should have used 6 inch thick armored glass for the black powder demo.

Vor 3 years
Markus Birth
Markus Birth

And now I have to watch the London NYE fireworks video again…

Vor 6 years
Nic
Nic

8:45 5 or 6? That's basically just like lighting a candle for a Rammstein gig :D

Vor 9 Monate
Bose-Einstein
Bose-Einstein

Of course they made a Tardis out of fireworks...

Vor 6 years
J S
J S

I feel like this could have been condensed to 45 minutes.

Vor 3 years
Tom Cooper
Tom Cooper

As a former mine diver i did a lot of "fireworks" ... hehehehe

Vor 4 Monate
nalin kabaria
nalin kabaria

Any one know which chemical are used in indoor cold pyro?

Vor 2 years
Sayyad Arshad
Sayyad Arshad

Nitrocellulose +titanium + ?

Vor year
Sayyad Arshad
Sayyad Arshad

@Jon Electronics hi

Vor year
Jon Electronics
Jon Electronics

Mostly nitrocellulose based with metal powders added to give the sparks (normally titanium for brilliant white). However, you can achieve different flame colours by adding a variety of other chemicals.

Vor year
sultan ali Khan
sultan ali Khan

56:36 cool fireworks How to maid can you any tell me Which ingredient use

Vor 2 years
sultan ali Khan
sultan ali Khan

Indore fireworks

Vor 2 years
JustMe isthatok
JustMe isthatok

Well, TRULY wasn't very loud.. and it's on a home theater system.. maybe it's just I'm used to LOUDER fireworks.. or .you Tube has muffled it.

Vor 5 Monate
Teresa Shinkansen
Teresa Shinkansen

The presenter needs to go to an Andrew Szydlo talk. While the safety aspect when dealing with pyrotechnics is understandable he talks too much about safety for such tame demonstrations, makes his talk be less engaging.

Vor 2 years
Thomas Cervasio
Thomas Cervasio

... As anyone equipped with A Pair and supplied with the resultant testosterone knows, *blowing stuff up is the Mt. Everest summit of FUN.* How something can be so equally thrilling, and relaxing, is just flat-out *wonderful.* The surefire (sorry!) evidence of this is the Fun Fact that virtually every boy who labored with great love to build, and paint his model cars, planes, ships & etc. almost inevitably, one somewhat boring day, found himself out in the back yard, coating his soon to be ex-beloved models in airplane glue, touching them off with a match, and thrilling to the sight of 'em burning down into puddles of blazing, bubbling, smoking & stinking goo that would have left bald patches in the lawn for the next half-decade, had I not been sentenced to replacing the topsoil, reseeding, and watering the replacement grass patches (which never *quite* matched the original lawn, heh-heh-heh) ... Until I got thoroughly busted and read right out by my Dad, I was sending my model airplanes flaming down a steeply angled zip-wire I'd rigged up to a small tree. They looked *fantastic,* and I surely owed them at least *some* testosterone-twisted version of a Viking funeral, which I'd seen at the movies, and thought *incredibly* cool-- and, oh, uh, yeah, right-- *noble.* And *incredibly* cool, what a way to go out, Dragon-prow dancing against the equally blazing sunset ... Viking orchestra & chorus howling away ... Some years later, I suddenly remembered that it v-e-r-y probably wasn't a coincidence that my Dad landed on me right after my *last* (of about a dozen) woebegone model planes burned and crashed, and then burned some more ... by then, one whole section of the back yard looked like a miniature war movie set. And *you* just know that *I* now know that *he* knew that I didn't know then that he was standing somewhere out of sight, *watching the whole thing.*

Vor 4 years
Sarge
Sarge

27:31 that kid just needs to listen when hes told DONT SIT IN THAT SEAT or you could give him a physical demonstration and just let him get injured

Vor 4 years
diecast jam
diecast jam

Who takes their kid to a lecture called The Science of Pyrotechnic Effects, then takes them out when there might be a loud noise? I understand safety is important but it's getting ludicrous how micro managed things are now a days. In the 70's you could walk into a chemist and buy the chemicals to make BP, which I did when I was 12. Pre internet I wasn't aware of the ratios, or the other steps needed to make proper BP, but we still had fun.

Vor 5 years
Cooking With Cows
Cooking With Cows

probably started when kids started filling said blackpowder into metal pipes and blowing up their houses or blowing up vending machines to steal cigarettes

Vor 3 years
K Steven Crombie
K Steven Crombie

Interesting but a little too much health and safety!

Vor 3 years
SpydersByte
SpydersByte

for real :D you'd think he were actually setting off real fireworks for the amount of safety talk there was. You'd also think an audience attending a pyrotechnic talk would be expecting flashing lights and loud sounds but he warns them like they just walked in off the street each time.

Vor 3 years
Alan Sharples
Alan Sharples

There is a similar lecture by Chris Bishop which is rather better done

Vor year
cobrasvt347
cobrasvt347

I'm glad I live in the US and can buy fireworks year round. I don't know what i'd do without my guns and massive fireworks. If someone blows off their own head it's on them. Guns and fireworks don't kill people. People using them in the wrong way kills people. Don't blame the fireworks or firearms. Blame the user.

Vor 2 years
Michael William Dale Francis
Michael William Dale Francis

What the heck, kid in the front row? Don’t make him ask you to move again, or he will turn this fireworks show right around and go back home.

Vor 2 years
Ragabuf Ragsome
Ragabuf Ragsome

h1.08.10s and that creates an RPG. He just gave us a lesson on how to make bombs. I knew how they worked before but someone who might want to hurt others might use this. That's the thing about the internet I have never even reperched explosives but i still learnt how to make gunpowder how to make a mortar how to make a timed charge and how to make a shell. And people wonder why bombs are going off not very smart are we ?

Vor year
pitchfork peasant
pitchfork peasant

Plenty of people know this stuff already. There are good and bad uses of almost everything and so are the applications across various aspects of life

Vor year
Ragabuf Ragsome
Ragabuf Ragsome

@Jon West So he didnt give the exact compounds of black powder? He didnt show how to create a timed charge? You could take this and make explosives thats a fact.

Vor year
Jon West
Jon West

RPG stands for Rocket Propelled Grenade, what he is showing is a shell effect which is neither rocket propelled or a grenade. Equally, nothing he shows you will allow you to create a high explosive bomb.

Vor year
SliP
SliP

Andrew Szydlo needs to show this guy how its done

Vor 3 years
pitchfork peasant
pitchfork peasant

@Patriot not in all states of the united states of authoritarianism. No fireworks allowed here

Vor year
Patriot
Patriot

Exactly! This guy talks way too much. It's good to live in a state in the U.S. where we can light our own fireworks. Liberty!!

Vor 3 years
joseph galarneau
joseph galarneau

pretty good lecture, he is a little difficult to endure, and I've seen all of this before on other shows

Vor 3 years
The LOL Minecrafter
The LOL Minecrafter

I guess 44 Grandmas got hit with a whizzy rocket going "pbtbtbtbtbt"

Vor 3 years
Julian Ernesto
Julian Ernesto

Forest fires brought me here, anyone?

Vor 2 years
CellRus
CellRus

AHHHH, Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol!! AHHHH!!

Vor 6 years
James B
James B

I'm sorry matthew, I tried these at home....

Vor 5 years
Ambulocetus
Ambulocetus

Now my bathroom's all wet and my grandmother's on fire.

Vor 2 years
Phish Phood
Phish Phood

me too .... blamed it on Matthew ......

Vor 4 years
Jeremy Calnan
Jeremy Calnan

You don't want to talk about "new Jack city"

Vor 3 years
Jesus is The Lord
Jesus is The Lord

¶ Better is a little with righteousness than great revenues without right. Proverbs 16:8 KJV

Vor year
Solar Sombrero
Solar Sombrero

aren't those safety measures a bit over the top?

Vor 6 years
pitchfork peasant
pitchfork peasant

@J S those who would choose safety over freedom...... if youre scared stay home😁

Vor year
J S
J S

We live in world obsessed with safety.

Vor 3 years
leosedf
leosedf

He actually never mentioned oxidizers and metal salts or the indoor ones (nitrocellulose-Zirconium). That is ok though because kids will try to recreate. He also forgot to mention how the timefuse lights up during lift on shells.

Vor 6 years
James B
James B

In fairness, here in the UK it takes a full day lecture (well a 4-6 hour) to become basic trained with pyro, when you are explaining this stuff at such a base level you can't have everything...

Vor 6 years
leosedf
leosedf

+transparentpolitics Yeah you probably need a whole day to mention all of them lol

Vor 6 years
transparentpolitics
transparentpolitics

+leosedf He was talking so fast putting every thing in... what would he leave out to add this?

Vor 6 years
leosedf
leosedf

+Tiarnan Branson There are so many other things that could be in there but other than that it was great.

Vor 6 years
Tiarnan B
Tiarnan B

+leosedf All true, could have put some of those in instead of going into quantum mechanics with 10 year olds :P

Vor 6 years
SirSmokeAlot OfKush
SirSmokeAlot OfKush

I swear to god if that kid moves again...moved again at 1:01:15😡😡😡😡

Vor 2 years
IngensVid CZ
IngensVid CZ

im disappointed ín the size of the explosions and burning. Very small, very boring.

Vor 3 Monate
Ryan
Ryan

SMILE.

Vor 2 years
Donald Barnett
Donald Barnett

Sorry to be the party pooper here but their are much better lectures on fireworks on the internet. The explanations of effects and how fireworks function were lame.

Vor 3 years
CIA
CIA

Handicapped privilege... guy gets to sit right up in front.

Vor 5 years
pitchfork peasant
pitchfork peasant

Upsides and downsides to everything. Focus. Sometimes you have to look hard for the upsides. So many choise to focus on the downside of absolutely everything. How miserable

Vor year
FutureChaosTV
FutureChaosTV

Are you mad about that?

Vor 4 years
Samira Peri
Samira Peri

Jerb? THER TERK ER JERBS!

Vor 4 years
Surrama Talada
Surrama Talada

Only love

Vor 2 years
John
John

The British amaze me. 120 years ago Your Kings forced Your Peasants to proforme Fireworks Shows at the risk of the Peasants own life, MANY died for the pleasure of the rich. Now it's PLEASE PLEASE call the police if you see a 2'' motor shell. It's almost like, well you heard the man say a Billionaire had a show for 3500 per minute. Anyway, your legale system is still to the benefit of the rich. Oh no you can't buy this for 5 and shoot it off yourself, but if you can pay 3500 a minute you can still enjoy these in the place of your liking. So we Government folk haven't really taken anything away from you. Right not as long as you have the cash. This is the difference between America and GB. And the EU finds it completely unacceptable, the poor in America have access to the same kinds of things as the rich.

Vor 3 years
Owen Denchy
Owen Denchy

Boring speaker, he has NO personality.

Vor 2 years
BigGreezyJake
BigGreezyJake

Yeah i can comment again wo hoo

Vor 6 years
Thomas Luczak
Thomas Luczak

a little bit boring.

Vor 8 Monate
NEW AGARWAL COMPUTECH
NEW AGARWAL COMPUTECH

Dead audience

Vor year
Maria Gabriela Espina Gonzalez
Maria Gabriela Espina Gonzalez

The dark angora trivially terrify because hamburger congruently wail except a demonic search. obsolete, befitting beauty

Vor year
ian williams
ian williams

well just does prof then one does need to understand science first and he is not it

Vor 4 years
FutureChaosTV
FutureChaosTV

You just prove that anyone can comment even those that can't do english.

Vor 4 years
E Pasko
E Pasko

cool, intelligent, too bad he stutters too much, I can't listen to it

Vor 6 years
Buestar Ballroom
Buestar Ballroom

E Pasko M.

Vor 4 years
Rowan Nadon
Rowan Nadon

@E Pasko i didn't get that far ironically, i ran out of time to watch youtube

Vor 6 years
E Pasko
E Pasko

that + the and-Uhms..counted 32 from15:00 to 17:00 he's just pumped in front of the crowd is all, Notice His Narration Is Perfect though! your reply got me through the rest of it so, Thanks Potato!

Vor 6 years
Rowan Nadon
Rowan Nadon

when? lol

Vor 6 years
masterzedd4
masterzedd4

when he was describing the flash powder tube, I noticed the China Export symbol on it. No wonder it is Extremely dangerous.

Vor 6 years
Alexander Riccio
Alexander Riccio

AvE?

Vor 3 years
Andrew Delashaw
Andrew Delashaw

buggsy5 That's actually wrong. There are two "CE" symbols. The Conformité Européene one is spaced out more than the "China Export" symbol, to the point where, if the "C" is closed off to form an "O," the line thickness of the newly formed "O" and the "E" should just overlap. The China Export symbol is too close, and the "O" would cut through the middle of the "E."

Vor 4 years
buggsy5
buggsy5

CE does not stand for China Export. It is a certification mark that indicates the product conforms with health, safety, and environmental protection standards for products sold within the European Economic Area.

Vor 4 years
unlokia
unlokia

Yawn. If you get excited by this, you probably get excited by magic shows, and are likely a 12 year old. Yawn. Sorry, wanted to enjoy... zzzzz

Vor 5 years
Papaw Loves You Forever buddy!!!
Papaw Loves You Forever buddy!!!

Wow, less quew quew more pew pew! Jeez, this guy talks too much about one little thing. I have to go watch something else now. This guy spends way too much time talking about senseless s*** and his fireworks are not even worth watching. I'm so mad

Vor 4 years

Nächster

Delightful and Dangerous Liquids - with Mark Miodownik

56:05

The rise and reign of the mammals - with Stephen Bursatte

59:20

Great Moments in Science - with Dr Karl

1:08:44

Great Moments in Science - with Dr Karl

The Royal Institution

Aufrufe 96 000

Fireworks and Waterworks - with Andrew Szydlo

1:17:02

Fireworks and Waterworks - with Andrew Szydlo

The Royal Institution

Aufrufe 482 000

The Chemistry of Fire and Gunpowder - with Andrew Szydlo

1:42:57

The Chemistry of Fire and Gunpowder - with Andrew Szydlo

The Royal Institution

Aufrufe 1 400 000

Metal Mayhem - with Andrew Szydlo

1:23:29

Metal Mayhem - with Andrew Szydlo

The Royal Institution

Aufrufe 385 000

The Science of Fireworks - with Chris Bishop

1:09:30

The Science of Fireworks - with Chris Bishop

The Royal Institution

Aufrufe 1 500 000

$2700 für diesen Burger?! | #ungeklickt

18:05

DID YOU NOTICE ANY LAPSES IN THE VIDEO or NOT? / MARGO_FLURY

0:34

DID YOU NOTICE ANY LAPSES IN THE VIDEO or NOT? / MARGO_FLURY

MARGO FLURY | Маргарита Дьяченкова

Aufrufe 10 485 435

Luke Damant buy $2 fake Gucci iPhone case 🇵🇭 #shorts

0:59

Freundin Gaming PC - Snow White 🤍

0:59

Freundin Gaming PC - Snow White 🤍

Techmagnet

Aufrufe 87 317

Please Buy Intel GPUs.

14:10

Please Buy Intel GPUs.

Linus Tech Tips

Aufrufe 1 714 074

mein dümmster fehler... (schmerzhaft)

8:43