The Man Who Killed Millions and Saved Billions

  • Am Vor 2 Monate

    VeritasiumVeritasium

    Fritz Haber is the scientist who arguably most transformed the world. Part of this video is sponsored by Wren. Offset your carbon footprint on Wren: ​ www.wren.co/start/veritasium1 . For the first 100 people who sign up, I will personally pay for the first month of your subscription!

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    A huge thanks to Dan Charles for writing a fantastic biography of Fritz Haber, for taking the time to talk to us about it, and providing valuable feedback. This video would not be what it is without his contributions. site.danielcharles.us ve42.co/Charles

    Thanks to Tom de Prinse from Explosions and Fire for helping us with the chemistry of explosives. If you like explosions and/or fire, you will love his channel. de-film.com/us/ExplosionsF...

    Thanks to Michael Kuiper of CSIRO for the animation of the composition of air - www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9JvX...

    Special thanks to Sonya Pemberton, Karl Kruszelnicki, Mary Dobbie, Olivia McRae, and the patreon supporters for giving us feedback on the earlier version of this video.

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    References:

    The primary reference used is Vaclav Smil’s excellent book, Enriching The Earth -
    Smil, V. (2004). Enriching the earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the transformation of world food production. MIT press. - ve42.co/Smil

    Mastermind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare, by Dan Charles - ve42.co/Charles

    Stoltzenberg, D. (2004). Fritz Haber: Chemist, Nobel Laureate, German, Jew. Chemical Heritage Foundation. - ve42.co/Stoltzenberg

    Postgate, J. R. (1982). The fundamentals of nitrogen fixation. CUP Archive. - ve42.co/postgate

    Miles, A. G. (1992). Biological nitrogen fixation. - ve42.co/Miles

    Friedrich, B., & Hoffmann, D. (2017). Clara Immerwahr: A life in the shadow of Fritz Haber. In One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences(pp. 45-67). Springer, Cham. - ve42.co/Friedrich2017

    Da Silva, G. (2020). What is ammonium nitrate, the chemical that exploded in Beirut. Sci Am, 5. - ve42.co/Silva

    Rodrigues, P., & Micael, J. (2021). The importance of guano birds to the Inca Empire and the first conservation measures implemented by humans. - ve42.co/rodrigues

    Allison, F. E. (1957). Nitrogen and soil fertility. Soil, the, 85-94. - ve42.co/Allison

    Crookes, W. (1898). Address of the President before the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Bristol, 1898. Science, 8(200), 561-575. - ve42.co/Crookes

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    Special thanks to Patreon supporters: RayJ Johnson, Brian Busbee, Jerome Barakos M.D., Amadeo Bee, Julian Lee, Inconcision, TTST, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Diffbot, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Timothy O’Brien, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

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    Written by Petr Lebedev, Derek Muller, Felicity Nelson and Kovi Rose
    Edited by Trenton Oliver
    Animation by Jakub Mistek, Fabio Albertelli, Ivy Tello, Alex Drakoulis, Nils Ramses Kullack, and Charlie Davies
    SFX by Shaun Clifford
    Filmed by Petr Lebedev, Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
    Photo of nitrogen deficiency in rice from ve42.co/rice
    Additional video/photos supplied by Getty Images
    Music from Epidemic Sound: ve42.co/music

Veritasium
Veritasium

Let's use chemistry for good! If you want to offset your carbon emissions I will personally cover the first month of your subscription at

daanish dan
daanish dan

As Isaac Asimov once said, “The saddest aspect of society right now is that science gathers knowledge faster than society gathers wisdom."

wcf312
wcf312

No one fits the saying, "you either die the hero or live long enough to see yourself become the villain.", better than this man, Fritz Haber.

dogboy0912
dogboy0912

I learned about this guy during an ethics in science class I had to take in college. One man encapsulating our highest highs and lowest lows as a species.

After Skool
After Skool

Brilliant video. Very insightful conclusion at the end.

Vor 14 Tage
Palin3
Palin3

14:50

Humble Narrator
Humble Narrator

This is a perfect illustration from human history showing how "gray", or nuanced, the world really is. Great video and message, thank you.

Duujon
Duujon

It always amazes me how Veritasium can tell you about fascinating topics that you didn't even know existed. After every video I feel like I can understand the world at least a tiny bit more.

Awoken Entertainment
Awoken Entertainment

It's incredible the impact this one man had..

᠎

I'm glad you guys covered his story. I live in Ludwigshafen, the birth city of the BASF, and for most of us, it's a known fact that the BASF made one of its biggest breaks by producing Ammonia. It would later on lead to the BASF becoming one of the biggest global players when it comes to chemical companies worldwide.

Michele Del Giudice
Michele Del Giudice

It's crazy how desperately we want to categorize people as either heroes or villains.

Vor 21 Tag
T1tusCr0w
T1tusCr0w

"He who increases knowledge, also increases sorrow" or - " we were so busy wondering if we could, we never asked if we should!" He simultaneously solved the human problem at either end. We live like a firework burning brightly, but only for a brief moment in time. Then darkness.

Abdullah Masood
Abdullah Masood

Science and military have always gone hand in hand. You can't say some one else would have discovered it. Credit is due for his genius and discredit for his wisdom

Vor 21 Tag
Pen and Paper Science
Pen and Paper Science

"He is probably one of the most impactful and tragic scientists of all time."

Sai Rohit
Sai Rohit

there's a way how Derek tells us stories whilst giving us knowledge. it's just amazing how he spends so much time on research and getting these videos right. This is one of the best videos from this channel. Definitely in top 10.

Sanjeet Sahay
Sanjeet Sahay

This could be your best video ever because of its immaculate writing, excellent narration, and that touch of humanity at the end.

Vor 14 Tage
Mahendra Bamniya
Mahendra Bamniya

Your way of explaining things is far better than what we taught in our classrooms. Thanks for this beautiful science and history lesson.

Lucky Stranger
Lucky Stranger

He is the example of a person who wants to help everyone the best it can, without much control of the rest

Vor Tag
Karin Swenson
Karin Swenson

This video is incredibly well made. I found myself fully immersed into Haber’s story and I didn’t even notice 20 minutes had gone by.

Erwin Fernando
Erwin Fernando

"You either die a Hero, or live long enough to see yourself become the Villain" i think this line fits him so much.

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