The history of the world according to corn - Chris A. Kniesly

  • Am Vor 2 years

    TED-EdTED-Ed

    Trace the 9,000 year old history of the domestication of corn, or maize, and its effects on global agriculture.

    --

    Corn currently accounts for more than one tenth of our global crop production. And over 99% of cultivated corn is the exact same type: Yellow Dent #2. This means that humans grow more Yellow Dent #2 than any other plant on the planet. So how did this single variety of this single plant become the biggest success story in agricultural history? Chris Kniesly investigates the rise of this wonder-crop.

    Lesson by Chris A. Kniesly, directed by Artrake Studio.

    Animator's website: www.artrake.com
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破リ왕
破リ왕

Wheat. Rice. Corn, Potato... Long ago, the 4 nations lived in harmony...

Vor 2 years
Grizzly Bear
Grizzly Bear

Then came barley

Vor 3 Monate
Lady Grinning Soul
Lady Grinning Soul

Then soja attacked.

Vor 3 Monate
John Barrett
John Barrett

Rice and wheat are native to Eurasia, while corn and potatoes are native to the Americas.

Vor 4 Monate
MOSFETmoshpit
MOSFETmoshpit

@Manuel Saavedra which one?

Vor 6 Monate
Wandrative
Wandrative

Where is Barley

Vor 7 Monate
Arely HD
Arely HD

Mexico is taking care of the native corn by saying NO to transgenic plants in order to keep the diversity of our Maíz 🌽 ♥️🇲🇽

Vor 2 years
Ember Hermin
Ember Hermin

@MAT what

Vor 3 Monate
Ember Hermin
Ember Hermin

Say yes to genetic diversity

Vor 3 Monate
Jay Av
Jay Av

@MAT ???

Vor 7 Monate
Ian Miles Chungus
Ian Miles Chungus

Maíz is already domesticated they just did it the long way

Vor 8 Monate
MJ
MJ

"A "maize" of unsustainability" I see what you did there 😏

Vor 2 years
Galagar Rocket
Galagar Rocket

Corn is extremely sustainable. Our technology can seal off different farms so infections can't get it. We have genetic enginering to create corn strains that are vaccinated against viruses. The only way corn would be in danger, is if a malicious nation engineered a virus especially tailored to infect and destroy corn in an extremely quick fashion that makes it hard to stop. Artificial pathogens are millions of times more dangerous than naturally evolving ones.

Vor 8 Monate
Hiyoko
Hiyoko

That's a corny joke

Vor 2 years
Scarlett E. Peach
Scarlett E. Peach

I just realized what u mean

Vor 2 years
Kristi es da watcher
Kristi es da watcher

Yes i realized that too

Vor 2 years
The dumb ass who speaks the truth
The dumb ass who speaks the truth

@Son Vu me too I'm lost

Vor 2 years
Joseph Weiland
Joseph Weiland

I swear, as a child, we use to buy corn from the grocer but it was a darker shade of yellow - perhaps the strain or variant - than the much lighter, sometimes sweeter, corn commonly sold in most grocers / supermarkets. Personally, I find the lighter, almost white corn to have a less robust flavor (albeit sweet).

Vor 11 Monate
thehorsesnamewasfriday
thehorsesnamewasfriday

Ted Ed is one of the best channels on YouTube. The production, animation and interesting videos they put out is so informational and entertaining.

Vor 2 years
Welkin A.
Welkin A.

Cant disagree on corn !

Vor 4 Monate
Alex Ye
Alex Ye

Another factor in corn expansion is the fact corn fixes carbon differently than most crops. Maize uses the "C4" pathway of photosynthesis as opposed to the "C3" pathway the majority of plants use. This process is much more efficient in water usage - C4 plants lose/transpire about a third the water C3 plants do. The difference is that the majority of plants directly expose the carbon-fixing enzyme RuBisCo to the atmosphere to fix carbon dioxide onto a two-carbon molecule to make a 3-carbon molecule. This, however, also exposes RuBisCo to oxygen, which can also fit in the reaction site and cause photorespiration. Oxygen in RuBisCo causes the plant to *lose* carbon, with the benefit of being better able to internally cycle/preserve nitrogen. Maize by contrast, first has carbon fixed into a 3-carbon molecule to make a 4-carbon organic acid by a *different* set of enzymes that are more specific to carbon dioxide. This acid is then passed to different cells with active RuBisCo that have been somewhat insulated from oxygen, reducing photorespiration losses. Reduced photorespiration may be the reason corn has such a demand for nitrogen input.

Vor 2 years
Welkin A.
Welkin A.

Love it !

Vor 4 Monate
Zyanya O'Neill
Zyanya O'Neill

Wow! I was hoping you'd mention huitlacoche (also spelled cuitlacoche). It's a fungus that grows on corn and many farmers consider it a plague. However, it's edible, and it's a DELICIOUS dish! (Just ask any Mexican) Instead of burning crops for it, it could be sold as food.

Vor year
Pursuit of History
Pursuit of History

Thanks for creating another awesome digital lesson! Love these videos full of information I wouldn’t normally discover in my day-to-day life - specifically the effects of wartime technology on corn production and the lasting effects on the environment, agriculture and health.

Vor 2 years
acomOu
acomOu

Crazy

Vor year
Justine Madigan
Justine Madigan

"One standardized breed of corn." That makes it a...UNICORN! XD

Vor 2 years
sauda zouria
sauda zouria

🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣

Vor 2 Monate
The:BDS,yt
The:BDS,yt

Hahahahahahahahaha so funny hahaha

Vor 3 Monate
Eddy Stellar
Eddy Stellar

@Lady Grinning Soul I actually didn't come up with it :/ but thank you anyway!

Vor 3 Monate
Lady Grinning Soul
Lady Grinning Soul

Very intelligent joke, sir. 😎

Vor 3 Monate
Eddy Stellar
Eddy Stellar

Gonna need some unicorn-holders for that one

Vor 5 Monate
Rani Goud
Rani Goud

"There is every reason to believe that corn has succeeded in domesticating us." that is deep and funny

Vor 2 years
itsASHRAY
itsASHRAY

You're amazing ted-ed. Keep this trend of infotainment continued.

Vor 2 years
Rahul Joseph
Rahul Joseph

a-maize-ing

Vor 2 years
changed for no reason
changed for no reason

One of the products of corn is chaff(silage)it's used to feed cows also harvesting it requires 1 special machine forge harvester,when it reaches special amount of height and growth it's harvested of course after it's harvested it's unloaded farmers cover it with najlon after some time chaff turns from green to brown and then they give chaff to cows also silage can be made with grass...

Vor 2 years
Scarlet Letter
Scarlet Letter

Fun fact: it's not corn itself that's the problem, it's how we've been growing it.

Vor year
bethany smith
bethany smith

I remember hearing about a story of the corn mother and about the 3 sisters (corn, beans and squash) that more Northern natives grew

Vor 10 Monate
Yuki
Yuki

“Only time will tell if it has led us into a MAIZE of unsustainability.” Was that a corn pun?

Vor 2 years
Shreeya Mittal
Shreeya Mittal

You had ta ask?

Vor year
Anon Mouse
Anon Mouse

I, too, found it corny.

Vor 2 years
고1206박찬우 Chanwoo Park
고1206박찬우 Chanwoo Park

옥수수가 이렇게 많은 물건들에 쓰이는 줄은 몰랐습니다. 세계에서 생산되는 옥수수 중 40% 만 식용으로 쓰이고 나머지는 다 가솔린과 풀 등에 쓰인다는 것을 알고 놀랐습니다. 좋은 영상 감사합니다.

Vor year
Theron Kolokwe
Theron Kolokwe

Side note: in many parts of Africa (mainly the Southern, East and Central) maize is a staple. I grew up eating mainly maize flour porridge and to this day I eat it once a week in the city.

Vor 2 years
Floppsy _
Floppsy _

Ted-Ed: *tells a terrible pun* Me: **cultured laugh**

Vor 2 years
I can’t Think of a name
I can’t Think of a name

He he he ha

Vor 3 Monate
eclipseee eee
eclipseee eee

sus

Vor 6 Monate
eclipseee eee
eclipseee eee

sus

Vor 6 Monate
eclipseee eee
eclipseee eee

sus

Vor 6 Monate
eclipseee eee
eclipseee eee

sus

Vor 6 Monate
Lucia Iberico
Lucia Iberico

So interesting! Thanks for giving me a lot of information about corns, it helps a lot!

Vor year
rododog19 gaming
rododog19 gaming

Hey Chris or Ted-Ed pls who ever animated the “the history in the eye of a chicken” do more animations in videos. It was hilarious and I loved it. Ty!

Vor 6 Monate
Sean K
Sean K

I was really hoping they explained how the natives engineered corn in a more detailed way

Vor 2 years
0901강민재
0901강민재

옥수수의 역사에 대하여 배웠습니다. 옥수수가 이렇게 역사적으로 대단한 것임이 놀라웠습니다. 한 식물이라도 역사가 있다는 것을 배우는 의미있는 시간이 되었습니다. 감사합니다.

Vor 2 years
Ben Perkins
Ben Perkins

I did not wake up today expecting to become invested in corn. Thank you TED-Ed, very cool!

Vor 2 years
Tri Nguyen
Tri Nguyen

It's amaizing how a single plant cornquored the world.

Vor 2 years
German Lophophora
German Lophophora

Well you don´t know what you are missing by cultivating only that variety. in México from which corn is original we have 54 varieties, that have different textures, flavors, those are only the natural ones, in fact we have 64 different types of corn. you have never eaten blue maiz tortillas or the red ones. those jewels that we are still keeping exclusively for us.

Vor 2 years
Duy Thuận
Duy Thuận

To be honest, before watching this video, I automatically think in my mind that the corn originally comes from China. Because I have learnt that long time ago, one of the emperors in China discovered the Corn and passed the laws that people were not allowed to send/tranport/sell the corn seeds out of China border ! Thanks a lot. Ted Ed.!

Vor 11 Monate
Aesya Mazeli
Aesya Mazeli

I googled and there's only one scholarly article about the possibility of corn in pre colombian exchange America. Maybe you are thinking of tea?

Vor 8 Monate
Francisco De Leon
Francisco De Leon

The word maize derives from the Spanish form of the indigenous Taíno word for the plant, mahiz. It is known by other names around the world.

Vor 2 years
CIUDAD DE TLAXCALA
CIUDAD DE TLAXCALA

1:20 El maiz ya era conocido en europa antes del siglo 16, llegaba del medio oriente. Desde México se llevó a sudamerica y a todo el mundo, incluyendo China e India

Vor year
Luiz Schechter
Luiz Schechter

Maize was consumed by livestock (and crew) in Portuguese, Spanish and English ships that departed from America. A few remaining seeds were probably planted at the destiny - Europe, Africa or anywhere they had colonies. The Portuguese were in the spice trade, aware of the importance of foreign crops. They cultivated seeds from the east in their colonies, notably sugar cane and cofee; but also peppers, cinammon, ginger, tumeric, mango, etc. Their colonies in Africa were at the same latitude of Brazil. It would be a surprise if they didn't bring maize to Africa as well.

Vor 2 years
NoRainNoFlowers
NoRainNoFlowers

“The Omnivore’s Dilemma” by Michael Pollan goes into great detail about the history behind corn domestication. (or rather, corn’s domestication of humankind) definitley recommend his book to walk you through the in-depth history of corn’s development in agriculture. how legal and fiscal policy changes to accommodate corn until it got to a point where US farmer’s livelihoods were crippled without gov subsidies for growing excess corn.

Vor 17 Tage
테아
테아

the title should've been "How Corn CORNquered The World"

Vor 2 years
i speak for the trees
i speak for the trees

This pun was freaking a-MAIZE-ing.

Vor 2 Monate
Domi B.
Domi B.

No.

Vor 11 Monate
Carolina Gamez Cadena
Carolina Gamez Cadena

It would've been perfect

Vor 2 years
A History Fanatic
A History Fanatic

@Owen Tuggle corny indeed

Vor 2 years
FlickFlyer 🇺🇦
FlickFlyer 🇺🇦

Yeah it should have! 😂

Vor 2 years
The Secret
The Secret

Here in India, corn is cultivated for making corn chips and roasted sweet corn seasoned with mixture of salt & chilli powder(non-spicy) & lemon juice. So sweet & soured 😋🌽👌

Vor 2 years
sergio varela
sergio varela

I remember when i was 4-12 years old and helped my grandma to "debullar" (separate the grains of corn using your hands) and i would end filling a basket with around 10 kg of it. After that i always put my arms inside until reaching the elbow and start removing them i loved that feeling.

Vor 2 years
Barcelona Chair
Barcelona Chair

I would not have been angry at all if this was longer. It's interesting that we have been hearing how much the gas from cows are creating so much problem for the climate but this is the first I have heard about the effects of corn production. If America really wants to help with climate control may be they should start there; reversing a Nixon era decision seems about time.

Vor 11 Monate
Rubén
Rubén

Not to mention that u can make Arepas out of corn flour, that's one of the principal reasons why corn is the best crop.

Vor 2 years
ABthedragon
ABthedragon

Ah, a Ted Ed video on corn, Finally! I hope soon they do a video on Vanilla.

Vor 2 years
J
J

YEAH!

Vor 2 years
EdwardTu79 The Mixed Content Creator
EdwardTu79 The Mixed Content Creator

There are actually 2 types of corn: sweet and field. Sweet corn is the type that’s eaten fresh on or off the cob and is what you see in the supermarket. Harvested when young, this corn makes up only 1% of U.S. production. Field corn, also known as Yellow Dent corn, is NOT the corn eaten on the cob. Rather, field corn is used as livestock feed and other food and non-food uses. Harvested when dry, this corn makes up 99% of U.S. production.

Vor 2 Monate
Arpad Flandorffer
Arpad Flandorffer

Did you know? Monocolture and other problems with corn mentioned in this video were not at all a problem for the indigenous people of America. This is because they were expert cultivators and planted more than one crop alongside the corn, most famously the three sister system where they planted squash, beans and corn together as each served a purpose and aided each other to grow. Hopefully in a more enlightened future we will recognize and adopt more of the practices that natives used to thrive and flourish before the savegery and slavery the europeans brought.

Vor Monat
fin
fin

Fun Fact: I live in the sweet corn capital of the World, Hoopeston. You can look it up if you want. Edit: Our mascot is also a corn cob named Jerky

Vor 2 years
Truetothat454
Truetothat454

I think you can even do a stand alone video on how High fructose corn syrup conquered the world.

Vor 2 years
Mood Infinite
Mood Infinite

What I learned today - Corn, a.k.a Maize was domesticated from a tropical grass called Teosinte - The fibrous husk had a lot of utility as a material - Corn became a religious symbol for many civilizations - Because it was hard to pack into trains and hard to sell as a trader, a standardization was proposed - World War II Technology influenced growth by introducing nitrogen and mechanic plows Also if anyone is interested in learning more about this, the book "The Omnivore's Delimma" has a few chapters on this phenomenon.

Vor 2 years
Paul Batz
Paul Batz

There are many, many breeds of corn worth preserving such as native flint and flour varieties not solely meant to fatten livestock.

Vor year
Anna Dang
Anna Dang

Such a shame though that it's mostly just one variety... There must've been a great number of different corn varieties.

Vor year
Saosaq Ii
Saosaq Ii

There is so much corn that it’s considered a commodity. You can literally trade corn commodity in the stock market. The second plant and food to be traded I know of is soybeans. There may be more but these 2 should be the most popular.

Vor 2 years
Ari Quinn
Ari Quinn

We need history teachers to show us videos like this

Vor year
Andrew Hall
Andrew Hall

The Europeans early reaction to Corn was identical to that of the Macadamia nut, which the Aborgines of Queensland Australia had been eating for centuries. Europeans shunned the macadamia for a long time, thinking it was beneath them. (yes, Macadamia Nuts are native to Australia, not Hawaii),

Vor 2 years
JEP
JEP

Now I want to know what would happen if all the corn in the world died. Like how would it effect the economy

Vor 2 years
RED
RED

Love your videos ted ed,can you us teach us in depth about scattering of light

Vor 2 years
N
N

Apparently Belgium annexed Germany and nobody told me

Vor 2 years
i speak for the trees
i speak for the trees

Rise of the Belgians.

Vor 2 Monate
Crimson Mapping
Crimson Mapping

Germany: 🇩🇪 Belgium: 🇧🇪

Vor 2 years
UnderFire
UnderFire

just to say, belguims is flipped

Vor 2 years
SovietPotato
SovietPotato

@ItsHui I can't tell if you're being serious

Vor 2 years
Kunal Kaira
Kunal Kaira

Olden times were interesting, imagine corn being a delicacy!

Vor 10 Monate
Zunaira Khan
Zunaira Khan

I absolutely loooove corn! Esp Thai ones! They are so sweet crunchy juicy, super tasty. Whenever I go to Bangkok I always skip breakfast and eat 2 corns instead. Ahh too good, best discovery in the world (aside frpm it's pollution) but idk what I would eat if there was no corn in this world :( I sometimes buy Chinese imported canned corn but nothing beats those warm fresh ones with coconut milk. Honourable mention- caramel popcorn

Vor year
Ulises Urciaga
Ulises Urciaga

En México todavía hay una gran variedad de maíz local.

Vor 2 years
socool775
socool775

Having grown up in Michigan, I take offense to it not being considered part of the corn belt. Pretty sure corn is quite prevalent here.

Vor 9 Monate
Ember Hermin
Ember Hermin

I like that they talked about the dark side of corn as well

Vor 3 Monate
Micheal Tackie
Micheal Tackie

If the bit where they said "...will leave us in a maze(maize) of uncertainty." was meant to be a pun, I take all my 76 hats off to them

Vor 2 years
Red Blade
Red Blade

As a Filipino, I would suggest pronouncing maize as “maze” into (well, tagalog and spanish mixed up so bad so I don’t really know the old spelling) “mais.”

Vor 2 years
Haystack
Haystack

If you don't understand the dangers of monoculture farming yet, let me tell you a little story about the Gros Michel banana. Big Mike was the big seller through the early 1950s, but then a fungus came among us that eradicated mass production of Gros Michel, leaving us with the Cavendish bananas that we now have, which are less sturdy and, some say, don't taste nearly as good as Gros Michel did. Bananas are also a monoculture, and unfortunately, the Cavendish is facing the same fate as the Gros Michel, because the fungus to which it was resistant has evolved. There's almost no way to prevent its spread. Using GMO techniques to add resistance may be the only way to save the Cavendish. From what I understand, there isn't another banana cultivar worthy of replacing it, either. Now, imagine something like that happening with Yellow Dent #2. It would be utterly disastrous to lose one of the world's biggest crops in a relatively short time frame. I'm not even sure we have an alternative that's nearly as good, since the one cultivar so dominates the farming landscape.

Vor year
Travis
Travis

Can this process be labeled as the type of genetic manipulation found in transgenic food?

Vor 2 years
DuckyBoi!!
DuckyBoi!!

Mesoamerica? Nah. MAIZEoamerica!

Vor 2 years
something that exists
something that exists

yes

Vor year
Balázs János Dominkó
Balázs János Dominkó

Nailed it, pal

Vor year
Matt Angelo Dolorzo
Matt Angelo Dolorzo

Ah fudge, you came first.

Vor 2 years
Asuna
Asuna

KWISPY

Vor 2 years
Francisco De Leon
Francisco De Leon

@Esther Choi maíz is Taino word not mexican.

Vor 2 years
Navtesh Gatti
Navtesh Gatti

We just read a book called Omnivores Dilemma and it talked about how corn carried the food industry and how corn was in at least every food product that we have ever eaten. It's the most demanded product in the U.S. WHAT!!!

Vor 2 years
orlando garcia
orlando garcia

Some fact that may be not being read: In México 1880s Eulogio Gregorio Gillow had a estate in Chautla, and as a well cultured man introduced several machines to produce and extract corn and wheatof his fields between those machines a industrial corn sheller (desgranadora?) that was prized in the 1876 Philadelphias Centennial world expo, unfortunately when he tried to put it to work in his estate the machine broke and was abandoned in a barn. Few years later 80 or so high caliber american tourists arrived in Veracruz and to give them a proper welcome who better that the multicultured Eulogio Gillow, he talked about everything of México specially agriculture and lifestock also his british accent make it all more entertaining. He convinced abouth half of them to visit his estate in Chautla where he would treat them as proper guests, between them a producer of agricultural machines and equipment. Who was baffled on why he wouldn’t use the corn sheller in the barn that would make the work hundreds of times faster that by hand. He was informed that the machine didn’t work and so he insisted on repairing the machine. He put his mechanic clothes and worked on the machine, but even if it was fine it didn’t work; the reason, the grain in México was to thick and didn’t pass the rollers. Afther that situation Gillow was very happy because of the lesson he would give to those tourists that think they could judge México by the American Standards he said -Gentleman not everything that works in US gives results in México. I will gift this sheller to the Smithsonian Institute, but i want you to put a big sign over the machine that says in big letters: “This machine, Prized with golden medal in the Exposition of Philadelphia, results extremely useless for México”-. This story is featured on the prologue of “México tierra de volcanes” by Joseph H.L. Shlarman

Vor 5 Monate
XIENTIFIKO
XIENTIFIKO

The fact that the diversity is basically suppress is scary, the variety is what makes corn to flourish in Mexican ground, it would be a hard time us if like the video mention a small virus infect the dominant corn variant, we will see how other variants of corn step in the market. Thanks for the video btw, was very interesting.

Vor 8 Monate
Ahmer Mirza
Ahmer Mirza

aMAIZing video like always, Ted-Ed!!!

Vor 2 years
Wesley Besancon
Wesley Besancon

The only issue is: They forgot to talk about the hard rock seeds could be popped. That is the invention of popcorn.

Vor 3 Monate
Celestia
Celestia

I am in love with all of thier animations it’s amazing

Vor 2 years
DonutsAreCute
DonutsAreCute

Imaging going to a market and then finding 50 types of corn..if the system of states independently creating corn varieties still exsisted... The deliveryman must have had a hard time..

Vor year
Conesinker _420
Conesinker _420

Corn and maize are not the same when people call it corn they usually mean sweet corn when people talk about maize they usually mean the crop used to feed live stock

Vor 2 years
yayuman 348
yayuman 348

It can also be called maize because it's easy to get lost in its incredible flavore

Vor year
Maker Of Things
Maker Of Things

This video fails to mention that corn from the US is GMO, therefore highly toxic. Also, corn was first cultivated in the Anahuac Valley (todays' central Mexico) 11000 years ago.

Vor 11 Monate
Norbert Fleck
Norbert Fleck

It is pretty toxic to an insect, but not for mammals.

Vor 8 Monate
Ducksauce
Ducksauce

You could say corn is the corn-erstone of modern agriculture

Vor 2 years
Gary_t
Gary_t

Ted-Ed videos are the best part of my week

Vor 2 years
GuntherDoesALilTrolling
GuntherDoesALilTrolling

Potato: *Hold up*

Vor 2 years
GIO
GIO

Potatoes and tomatoes are American

Vor year
Daniele Petecca
Daniele Petecca

You cant make potato fuel, oil or potato sugar, as you can with corn

Vor year
AimanGamerTube
AimanGamerTube

Hol' up*

Vor 2 years
Ali Çağan Armagan
Ali Çağan Armagan

Berke?

Vor 2 years
LilacDoe
LilacDoe

That seems dangerous, what happens if a virus or fungus adapts to kill Yellow Dent No 2?

Vor year
Kaeben
Kaeben

4:29 the part about the meat production is a myth. Plant agriculture releases a LOT more.

Vor year
Dustyn Miller
Dustyn Miller

Imagine if corn was the first crow used on other worlds.

Vor 3 Monate
Anonymous Unicorns
Anonymous Unicorns

I'm allergic to corn, which is in every bite of food every american eats every day. It's the very worst food allergy a person can possibly have because it's almost impossible to avoid and some of us corn allergic people die of starvation.

Vor 9 Monate
Crows Nest
Crows Nest

They forgot to mention Corn Dogs. Made by adding around 1% of corn meal to it, hence the reason for naming it Corn Dog.

Vor 7 Monate
Jannette Lancaster Jones
Jannette Lancaster Jones

Congratulations !!! what an amazing videos I love them

Vor year
Andrew Shute
Andrew Shute

Corn in Spanish is actually spelled: Maiz. It is pronounced mah-ees.

Vor year
Hazy
Hazy

Corn is the greatest crop of all time.

Vor year
Reluga
Reluga

"Come down today and try some corn, or we will sacrifice your newborn, AAAAA" -Colonel Cornelius Cornwall

Vor 9 Monate
CombatWombat 267
CombatWombat 267

The history of food series is great

Vor year
R
R

no doubt! It was starch that helped humans continue civilization

Vor 6 Monate
Cynthia Clampitt
Cynthia Clampitt

A few problems with this. First, "corn" means "dominant grain of a region." Only in the U.S. and Canada does "corn" always mean "maize." Next, teosinte has a rare trait called a "jumping gene" -- so it mutated and became maize, rather than being domesticated. Then you skipped a hundred years of involvement with corn by jumping to farmers in North America having trouble growing European crops. And the problem with maize wasn't that it was strange -- without nixtamalization, its niacin is inaccessible, and people in Europe began to suffer from a niacin -deficiency disease known as pellagra. I'm only in 2 minutes, I'm going to have to stop, because this is making me crazy. (And the varieties vs. species issue is problematic, too. There are thousands of varieties of corn, though just one species, but wheat has multiple species.) If you want to know the history of corn, may I suggest the book Midwest Maize: How Corn Shaped the U.S. Heartland, from the University of IL Press.

Vor 2 years
Cynthia Clampitt
Cynthia Clampitt

@Jabberwockybird Unless you're in Chicago. :)

Vor 9 Monate
Jabberwockybird
Jabberwockybird

Illinois knows 🌽

Vor 9 Monate
Cynthia Clampitt
Cynthia Clampitt

@Jarom Gregson More than just interesting, really -- maize changed the world. But yes, the mention of corn in older works is confusing if you don't know that corn isn't always maize. :)

Vor 10 Monate
Jarom Gregson
Jarom Gregson

Thank you for this. I've been utterly confused by mentions of corn in Homer's Odyssey, Icelandic Sagas and other old European texts. The history of Maize is quite interesting!

Vor 10 Monate
noob plays ML
noob plays ML

If it was inedible stones first how come our ancestors made corn crop edible? There was no DNA manipulation techniques that time. They were surely very intelligent and did it in other way of hybridisation ig?

Vor 2 years
dei vor
dei vor

time is already saying that planting one crop and using warfare chemicals is unsustainable. let's hope the second agricultural revolution is coming, instead the first global agricultural catastrophe

Vor year
Pierre Abbat
Pierre Abbat

Arawakan: marikı (which is where "maize" comes from, through Taino) Mayan: ixiim What was the original name for this plant? Or was there more than one?

Vor 2 years
Mateus Ramos
Mateus Ramos

Ammonium nitrate can be almost neglected as a problem to solve. Its use has fallen rapidly because it can also be used to produce home-made explosives, so governments are restricting its use

Vor 2 years
Natovia YouTube
Natovia YouTube

It was called maize so technically it would be called a maize maze (Corn maze)

Vor year
mjstory1976
mjstory1976

Awesome and informative video

Vor 2 years
Norbert Fleck
Norbert Fleck

In Germany Corn (Mais 🌽) produces about 5-7 % of the electricity as "Biogas" wasting 40.000 sqare km of farmland.

Vor 8 Monate
Owais Saiyed
Owais Saiyed

The CORN was a major factor for the occurrence of prophethood of Prophet Yusuf/Joseph (AS). This event shook up the whole of ancient Egypt and changed the politics of the region. I had just completed the Surah yesterday and was wondering why CORN, now I know why. Thanks TED. ❤👍

Vor 2 years
david garcia
david garcia

Ah yes...Corn. The most invincible and powerful grain known to all. It is in cereal, syrup, and popcorn. Nothing cannot stop its tastyness.

Vor 2 years
Gabriela Hanrahan
Gabriela Hanrahan

Corn is important to the world we need, I like to eat popcorn and canned with buttered with it, yum!

Vor year
hunnit bae hunnit bae
hunnit bae hunnit bae

I always wonder how they come across their opening quotes. Like, how would you know about a quote about corn unless you Google it? Did you Google it, Ted Ed?

Vor 2 years
nicolas B.
nicolas B.

im loving all the corn puns, its really funny how corn originated from a place called mesoamerica, or should I say maize--oamerica

Vor 2 years
Matthew L.
Matthew L.

"Only time will tell if it's led us into a maize of instability." Nice.

Vor year
Steven Green
Steven Green

Correction it is not corn that has moved us to unsustainability.It is a lack of common sense.Old school farmers know one should rotate your crops to help keep the soil fertile.You should regularly switch out the corn or whatever you are growing with crops like beans and potatoes which will actually put nutrients back into the soil.

Vor 2 years
BOBIBU Studios
BOBIBU Studios

"... has enough corn fields to cover _germany_ ..." *shows belgium flag* Gemans: say sike right now

Vor 2 years
Shabeina Banu
Shabeina Banu

*cough* 1940 *cough*

Vor 11 Monate
Zachary Knapp
Zachary Knapp

@Aisaiaka Rumnong *stop just no*

Vor year
vibing in my bedroom rn
vibing in my bedroom rn

Isn’t that Germany’s flag? 🇩🇪

Vor year
yatto baggins
yatto baggins

I don't understand

Vor year
Zest
Zest

So... since corn was also called maize, corn mazes can also be called maize mazes?

Vor 2 years
Sebastian
Sebastian

"The United States has enough corn fields to cover Germany." I'm not sure what I can do with this information.

Vor 2 years

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