How to Make a ROCKET ENGINE From Table SALT?

  • Am Vor 3 Monate

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    Now I am going to tell you more how to make a real rocket engine from a regular table salt.

Mr. Mash
Mr. Mash

I love the way you simplify yet don't miss the complexities either. My understanding of chemistry is definitely better because of you. I have had subscribed for years and I don't care about total production value because you make something like advanced chemistry enjoyable to watch and show how it relates to the real world. You always have in your one-of-a-kind way and as long as the experiments and the explanations are there... you will always have a subscriber here. Thank you for doing this Thoisoi!

Vor 3 Monate
Lagartofero
Lagartofero

For increasing the pressure, it could help to shape the interior face of the propellant with a form that maximizes the surface area for combustion. I've seen on some old book that different shapes, like cross, star, etc, give different acceleration profiles over just a cylindrical shape

Vor 3 Monate
Vitalijs Ļebedevs
Vitalijs Ļebedevs

@mysock351C I strongly relate. In 90's eastern Europe my friend and i had a shed. We also had abandoned USSR sanatories (health retreats) with vandalised laboratories. We borrowed some glassware, few chemicsls and bought 50Kg bag of ammonium nitrate (less than €5 or €10 now). While being in middle and secondary schools, there were no budget available for our laboratory. We still managed to make 100s of different rocket fuels, explosives and other party tricks. If police would see our lab nowerdays, we could easily be charged with terrorism: little RPG'S and various grades of IED'S were our speciality. Some casings were harder than those of modern granades. I'm quite lucky to be alive or to have all my extremities and eyes after that. I managed to squirt concentrated hydrochloric acid in my eye, my friend covered his entire arm in sulphuric acid once. Quick story for illustration: we found out that there are cast-iron resistors on railway line grounding - hollow half-spheres with a threaded disc as a lid on bottom. We delinquently gathered those, replacing it's contents with the various high-energy low-explosive mixes. They made huge holes in the ground, obliterating everything we put on top by fragmentation. Casing were over 15mm thick. Only problem was unreliable fuses we made ourselves or from disassembled fireworks. We didn't trust electric ignition yet, so decided to make a chemical relay fuse. It worked fine on experiment, taking just the predicted 2min. to ignite (glycerin + potassium permanganate). So we assembled one granade, with the best explosive mix, ignition powder and KMnO4 concentric spheres at the centre. We glued a syringe needle trough side ending at the centre. After assembling, all left to do was to attach a glycerin-filled syringe to the needle and inject. We decided to show our craft at school.🤦🏽‍♂️ So, one dinner brake, followed by entire classroom, we made our way to the nearby woods and stuck the granade into roots of some tree. I took the glycerine to the granade, pressed multiple times, as the compressed innards didn't quite let the liquid in, thankfully settling for just a mm drop in syringe level. Most of the class were a decent distance away, albeit for some brave ones hiding just behind nearest trees. I managed to make about 3 steps away, when the contraption blew a powerful shockwave trough my back. All territory covered in a thick, white smoke. "Nobody's hurting?", i shouted silly in shock.. By a miracle, nobody was hurt, at least phisically. Instead of 2min. from experiment, it took 3-5 seconds. The roots of the tree were hanging above ground, revealing ~1/2m deep crater. We found the threaded disc 1m below ground and a top shrapnel piece some 40m away. I can only guess, what would happen, if i hesitated longer, due to glycerine not going in properly.. It looked even more lucky, when we repeated the ignition experiment in a small, compressed valve with openings later. It popped near instantly upon injecting. Still, my only regret is not following the chemical or material science as a career, due to low wages, not managing university and leaving my country. Now there are not enough people doing exact sciences in our region.

Vor Monat
Court
Court

I think if he didn't use white silicone it will burn faster. All the titanium dioxide filler is slowing it down. That or changing the oxidizer ratio.

Vor 3 Monate
The Radio Weyr
The Radio Weyr

And as those star shapes burn they become less defined and so produce less pressure but by then more of the grain has burnt outward so you have more surface area so properly tuned the pressure remains relatively constant throughout the burn. Of course you might want the pressure to come up if your throat material is ablative and eroding.

Vor 3 Monate
Cole Smith
Cole Smith

Yep, the Shuttle's segmented boosters changed shape to keep a specifically designed thrust curve throughout flight. They even "throttled" through max-Q, which is neat.

Vor 3 Monate
Verbena IDK
Verbena IDK

that is a pain in the ass to do

Vor 3 Monate
Black Cloud Pyro
Black Cloud Pyro

Small correction: Make sure you use distilled water with this process. If you use any other water, tap water or bottled water you will have to remove the minerals after the synthesis process.

Vor 3 Monate
h7opolo
h7opolo

well done juggling the two, exclusive terms "rocket motor" and "rocket engine" without ever conflating them.

Vor 3 Monate
CGPlayz
CGPlayz

@danR that’s very interesting info! Thanks for sharing

Vor 2 Monate
danR
danR

@CGPlayz You'll find both the Goddard and V2 rockets with their propulsive units indiscriminately referred to as "motors". See Wikipedia on the V2, and "Dr. Robert H. Goddard, American Rocketry Pioneer" --NASA website. Also: Combustion in Liquid-Fuel Rocket Motors. Aeronautical Quarterly , Volume 10 , Issue 1 , February 1959 , pp. 1 - 2 . Conversely, note Estes referring to their "engines", likewise the Wikipedia article on the company.

Vor 2 Monate
Scott Eyers
Scott Eyers

@Frank Sierow The guy above me is correct, but I would amend that slightly. There are no universally accepted definitions for either. But, commonly: engines typically have moving mechanisms and parts that are needed somewhere in the process to turn fuel into motion. This is usually true of liquids, since 9/10 they need to be pumped, or compressed, or atomized or all 3. Solids typically don't. They traditionally just burn, and provide immediate forward thrust. A gas drinking move-y thing is an engine. Lots of little things moving and rotating, and transmitting different mechanical/electrical power to parts of the thing to make sure air and fuel are right and spark the thing, to turn this spinny thing, to move that other thing... all drowning in oil...? Definitely an engine. Electrical spinny thing that just turns on when source is applied? Solid thing that just sits there, burns, and provides immediate forward thrust when it burns? Definitely motors. Simply add fuel or make initial reaction=immediately go. Sort of.

Vor 3 Monate
CGPlayz
CGPlayz

@Frank Sierow in the most basic terms, a rocket motor uses solid fuels and a rocket engine uses liquid fuels.

Vor 3 Monate
Frank Sierow
Frank Sierow

@h7opolo Could explain the difference between "rocket motor" and "rocket engine" please.

Vor 3 Monate
LabCoatz
LabCoatz

Great video, love your channel! But...the propellent you made at the end clearly wasn't made from sodium chlorate. Sodium chlorate would've caused the flame to be extraordinarily yellow, but your flame was more of a whitish-purple, indicative of potassium chlorate. My best guess: the sodium chlorate you made was too impure and didn't work as well (or the quantity was too small), so you subbed it with the potassium chlorate, which is more common. Still, love the content, keep it coming man!

Vor 3 Monate
Sergey Gergwegg
Sergey Gergwegg

@DFX2KX Dunno man, I think LabCoatz is in the right. People shouldn't get bent out of shape just cause he made an intelligent observation.

Vor 2 Monate
DFX2KX
DFX2KX

​@amarissimus29 I mean, he might be a bit of an asshole and was likely never invited to a party let alone be fun at one.... But he's right. (wasn't sure if the whiter burn was from the silicon fluel, but I don't think that'd effect it enough to be white). This isn't what a sodium chlorate rocket would look like. Sodium is what gives old street lights their yellow glow. The exhaust would also be a bit more energetic as I understand it.

Vor 3 Monate
ruxxy_j
ruxxy_j

@LabCoatz Oof That one there was a violation personally I wouldn't have it

Vor 3 Monate
LabCoatz
LabCoatz

@amarissimus29 Not snobbish, I'm simply making an educated observation. If you had half the experience and education that I do, you'd understand why I made such a statement. But why bother trying to explain myself to someone who calls potassium "poserium" and thinks hard science is bullsh!t? How about letting people engage in conversation without getting butthurt?

Vor 3 Monate
Bedlasky Bedla
Bedlasky Bedla

I didn't know that chlorate:silicon mixture is such a good fuel! Nice video Thoisoi as always! Small amount of dichromate or molybdate will increase electrolysis efficiency. I think that some dichromate can be found in space lab ;).

Vor 3 Monate
Velvet0range
Velvet0range

I love the argument when there is a helicopter drone on Mars. People got the big dumb if they think this is a non-start when it has been the focus for 30yrs space technology spending. Not saying it will be something we enjoy ourselves but humanity will. That or mass extinction will hit in a 100 or so yrs and it won't matter eitherway.

Vor 3 Monate
Caleb Howes
Caleb Howes

@John Sikes This, I think people don't realise the enormous list of things that have to go right to produce a successful mission and how close many missions have come to total catastrophic failure. Those organisations make it look very easy.

Vor 3 Monate
Rocket Diva
Rocket Diva

Adding 1% potassium dichromate into the chlorate / silicon mixture might work as a catalyst (as it does in ammonium perchlorate based comps).

Vor 3 Monate
John Pattillo
John Pattillo

Great way to illustrate how much energy is in a Snickers bar.

Vor 3 Monate
nnnnnnnnnick
nnnnnnnnnick

Hungry? Grab a snickers

Vor Monat
Randy Bobandy
Randy Bobandy

@Jot Pe good one.

Vor Monat
Randy Bobandy
Randy Bobandy

@Drugs no

Vor Monat
Randy Bobandy
Randy Bobandy

@kitemanmusic reading the calorie content tells you but doesn't illustrate how much energy.

Vor Monat
Artem Muchnik
Artem Muchnik

@Scratch The Cat Qwerty I was wondering where do i find the russian ones? edit: lol figured it out.

Vor Monat
Mohamed Mouadh Messaoui
Mohamed Mouadh Messaoui

Cool, I really appreciate your work with this channel. Big respect

Vor 3 Monate
Amer Dabaan
Amer Dabaan

All respect and admiration for the great efforts and patience to make this video!! Also, we should not forget the times of testing, analysing, and repeating the experiments.. It's good and great job you have there, my friend.. Bless you 🌹

Vor 3 Monate
wgm4321
wgm4321

I didn't know that silicone sealant as fuel. Great video.

Vor 3 Monate
N J
N J

"My technologically advanced pole" 😂 This was one of the more entertaining videos I've seen you do. The videos where you are experimenting with different chemicals are very interesting as well, but videos like this are probably more appealing to a wider audience.

Vor 3 Monate
Laboratory of Liptakov
Laboratory of Liptakov

"My technologically advanced pole" ........🤣

Vor 3 Monate
Jaakko Pöntinen
Jaakko Pöntinen

Self-irony power 😀 This guy is pure awesomeness.

Vor 3 Monate
N 

What a great video, one of the most interesting so far! You may be able to get an increase in pressure by experimenting with the shape of the interior by using a shaped pressing tool but your cardboard tube might not like it without reinforcement. Also it could be the camera exposure but the flames look a little purple, did you mix in some potassium chlorate for extra kick by chance?

Vor 3 Monate
Phil P
Phil P

3:49 - You missed a trick - you could have used a Mars Bar!

Vor 3 Monate
Meatsweats
Meatsweats

I saw something almost similar, with the exception that fine PVC particle(maybe powder....)were mixed with a chlorate and packed in a similar way.

Vor 3 Monate
Chrysippus
Chrysippus

This video came at the right time, I was looking for ways to send my DIY communications satellite into stratosphere while stranded in a Mars basin.

Vor 3 Monate
Sekrit Engineering Projekt
Sekrit Engineering Projekt

Genuinely cool video. Very impressed with the quality of the second motor.

Vor 3 Monate
Rocket Diva
Rocket Diva

How well do these store? Sodium chlorate is extremely hygroscopic, to the point of having no practical use in fireworks. However, your mixing with silicon adhesive looks like it might offer some level of waterproofing.

Vor 3 Monate
yewwtooob
yewwtooob

All chlorates are hygroscopic

Vor Monat
Bob thebomb
Bob thebomb

@Roberto Eijs Atmospheric water vapour concentration on Mars is thousands of times lower than here on earth. A well packaged chlorate-based pyrotechnic can have a shelf life of at least a year on earth. Anyone working with pyrotechnic compositions (or any energetic material) will undertake small scale compatibility trials as part of the formulation process. This involves any constituents and also any packaging/adhesives the composition is likely to come into contact with.

Vor Monat
Roberto Eijs
Roberto Eijs

@Bob thebomb everywhere where there is air there is water, and the storage might be connected to the air presured buildings on mars. And btw he is not asking for space purpose more like entertaining purpose.. And that whas my question aswel, and there are silicon based glue that have other acids in them that could comprimise the structure.. Al goes wel for a few day but there WILL be addition unintended effects; like spontanious self combustion or releasing dangerous gasses

Vor Monat
Bob thebomb
Bob thebomb

Not fireworks exactly, but sodium chlorate was often found in smoke formulations. Also, mars has very little atmosphere and is very cold, so there will not be much water vapour around.

Vor 3 Monate
Dr. Ratatöskr
Dr. Ratatöskr

Thank you so much for your incredible good Videos, they are a lot of fun to wach and of great quality. By far the best chemistry channel on YT... I have a Phd degree in science myself and still learned a lot watching your videos. Even knowing many reactions, the way you filmed them is so much better than reading about them. And to top it of you have this great Borat-like accent that adds to the high amount of entertainment you offer. Please keep up the good work!!!

Vor 3 Monate
Schinderia Praemeturus
Schinderia Praemeturus

Nice video. Just a couple suggestions -lead dioxide coating the anode will work for converting chloride to chlorate/ perchlorate. I have made these on titanium mesh by electro-deposition from lead/copper nitrate solution (8-1 ratio). Platinum is quite expensive, lead is cheap. I use a 100 watt solar panel for DC input. And-if you want a better propellant, react your saturated NaCLO4 solution with HCL to form NaCL and perchloric acid, decant to separate-then neutralize with ammonium hydroxide to form ammonium perchlorate.

Vor 3 Monate
Amilton
Amilton

Congratulations on your comprehensive study. It was a quite good job!

Vor 3 Monate
Pásikavec Pruhovaný
Pásikavec Pruhovaný

Don't breathe in the fumes trough! Burning silicone sealant as fuel leaves extremely fine silicon oxide powder, exposure can cause a serious lung condition called silicosis.

Vor 3 Monate
evil Duck
evil Duck

It always surprises me that saying that is necessary, it seems logical to me that one doesn't breath in fumes.. (but) because there's always some fool who thinks he can breath that.. someone needs to warn him/her (s)he shouldn't ..

Vor 3 Monate
DFX2KX
DFX2KX

@what else is on well, with the pretense of this being 'emergancy signal rocket' you'd use whatever you had. Naturally making your own High-power rocket motors when you've got time on your hands, you'd pick better materials. you're correct in this being a much better fuel.

Vor 3 Monate
Mark Lada
Mark Lada

@what else is on So if I want to build a rocket in my garage that could fly all the way to let's say North Korea.. I could follow this recipe and just swap latex sealant for silicone sealant? Also, do you know of any laws or treaties that would prevent a civilian like myself from declaring war on a country and launching a rocket attack against them?

Vor 3 Monate
what else is on
what else is on

Was going to say the same thing. Silicone is a poor choice for fuel. Not just because silica is horrible to breathe, but because it's a solid and for good thrust you need gas production. An acrylic latex sealant would be much better choice.

Vor 3 Monate
Mark Harder
Mark Harder

Very nice. Have you tried making the rocket with a nozzle? A nozzle works better because the nozzle's constriction increases the pressure in the combustion space. More importantly, the velocity of reaction products increases in the throat of the nozzle. In some cases, it may even be supersonic. This is advantageous because the momentum of the gases is mass x velocity. Mass ejected per second is roughly the same with and without a nozzle; but with a nozzle, the exhaust velocity is much faster, which increases the momentum imparted to the exhaust. Because of Newton's 3rd law of motion, the rocket momentum upward equals the exhaust momentum in the opposite direction. So the rocket will fly faster and higher with a nozzle than without one. There is a limit to how small the nozzle throat can be. If it's too small, the pressure on the fuel may be great enough to cause the rate of burn to exceed the point at which deflagration changes to explosion. Bye-bye missile and anything too close to it. Always experiment with small models before building large ones!

Vor 3 Monate
Exarch Gaming
Exarch Gaming

We totally need to see a collab between Thoisol and Explosions&Fire/Extractions&Ire the two of them together would be absolutely hilarious.

Vor 3 Monate
Kyle Milford
Kyle Milford

Never tried salt. But used to make Kno3 rockets out of sugar. They make great smoke bombs too If you keep the nozzle big enough to relieve pressure

Vor 3 Monate
Victory First
Victory First

Thank you for your idea on making rocket engines. Now I can make my own for a reasonable price. You rule fella for sure. VF

Vor 3 Monate
ACorgiWithaCrown
ACorgiWithaCrown

From what I've heard your better off fully electrolyzing the chloride to perchlorate purely because it makes slightly less sensitive fuels.

Vor 3 Monate
Michael Ryan
Michael Ryan

you can also make a star shaped hole. increasing the initial surface area, then at it burns it shrinks down to a more rounded hole.so you get a strong initial push, then a consistent burn later.

Vor 3 Monate
GSXR 1300
GSXR 1300

In my nerdy wayward youth as an aspiring bomb nut I used to love those Solidox pellets you used to be able to buy for use in those Sears Solidox welders back in the 70's and 80's. They were mostly sodium chlorate. I'd crush them up, sift out those wonderful asbestos fibers that were embedded in them for some reason, dissolve it in distilled water, filter the solution with coffee filters then let the water slowly evaporate so the sodium chlorate would grow crystals rather than just precipitating out furthering the purification. I could then grind those crystals into a fine powder and experiment. I found if dissolved in water again, soaked into patches of denim, let dry and hit with a hammer you'd get a gnarly boom. Mixing it with aluminum dust and some antimony sulfide you'd get a good flash powder for making M-80 equivalents but it was stupidly drop, static and friction sensitive so I abandoned that option quick. I later learned to process it into potassium chlorate by reacting it with potassium chloride dietary salt to make a more stable oxidizer for salutes. Yeah sodium chlorate and sugar is a bad combo. I tried my hand at making a pipe bomb with that stuff and it started off just fizzling then as it burned out the hole in the end cap for the fuse it started roaring and took off like a rocket for a bit of distance then blew up like a grenade. Nothing is as fun as getting chased by your own pipe bomb.

Vor 3 Monate
Meatsweats
Meatsweats

Yet I watch YouTube all day. I wish I was born in the 80s xD

Vor 3 Monate
Kursk
Kursk

Damn

Vor 3 Monate
Ralf V K.
Ralf V K.

Thank you, nice tutorial. But I believe, most people already won't be able to platinize their Titanium.

Vor 3 Monate
Anthony Rickard ii
Anthony Rickard ii

Interesting and awesome video! Question ! Probably a dumb one for the electrodes is it possible to use tungsten rods? And what would happen if you coated with thorium nitrate also?

Vor 3 Monate
amin a
amin a

I also thought that tungsten is very resistant to oxidation

Vor 3 Monate
AnTrAxX Slingshots
AnTrAxX Slingshots

I remember mixing salpeter and cocoapowder (which i think also contained a lot of sugar) as a kid to create a flamable powder. is that comparable to your Snickers experiment?

Vor 3 Monate
Monty Piethon
Monty Piethon

I didn't pick it up on the video but I'd like to know what your mix ratio is for the silicone and the salt. Very good video by the way I played a lot with sugar rockets and black powder and have yet to perfect what I want.

Vor 3 Monate
Linus1208
Linus1208

be careful with chlorates, chlorate / fuel mixes can be pretty shock sensitive explosives, especially with sulfur, phosphorus, carbon and magnesium.

Vor 3 Monate
Flo Rin
Flo Rin

I even was watching carfuly to see this been pressed.....with press..to exploded in my face.....with lilte or no efort...so amazed...

Vor 2 Monate
Robin de Roos
Robin de Roos

I once read that you can add sodiumbicarbonate in order to slow the reaction with powdered sugar. On the other hand, you could leave one end open, put a projectile in and make a recoilles rifle

Vor 3 Monate
Adam Albrec
Adam Albrec

A REALLY good igniter for such thins is an old miniature flash-bulb. You just puncture and remove the glass and the remaining magnesium fuzz will light with as little as 1.5 volts.

Vor 3 Monate
yewwtooob
yewwtooob

Steel wool and two wires is cheap, available, and works too.

Vor Monat
Andreu Navarro
Andreu Navarro

When you put your hand in that bucket filled with fuel my heart skipped a beat! For next video, maybe some burn rate tests with some catalyst such as iron oxide? Never thought such an otc binder could be used successfully, considering you didn't even use a proper nozzle

Vor 3 Monate
Airfighter Xgg3
Airfighter Xgg3

@kitemanmusic in the motor I guess, or are the oxides for the electrolysis? excuse my english, it is late for me

Vor 3 Monate
kitemanmusic
kitemanmusic

Aluminium powder is a good additive.

Vor 3 Monate
Andreu Navarro
Andreu Navarro

@Airfighter Xgg3 many transition metal oxides catalyze reactions that produce O2, such as chlorate or H2O2 decompositon. AFAIK Fe2O3 works the best for chlorate, but FeO MnO2 etc could also be used. Ofc only a very small amount is needed (in the order of 1%) as catalysts dont get used up in the main reaction

Vor 3 Monate
Airfighter Xgg3
Airfighter Xgg3

Where should witch iron oxide be used? I m realy interested

Vor 3 Monate
StillwaterRocks
StillwaterRocks

Once you plated the piece, did it really have to be titanium underneath?

Vor 3 Monate
XXX M
XXX M

If you just wanna make a rocket fuel it might actually be a good idea to use graphite electrodes? Since graphite is just Carbon, you basically have your fuel in with your oxidizer, and its still stable enough that you (probably) won´t blow yourself up mixing the fuel grain. Problem is getting the ration right

Vor 3 Monate
مختبر حيدر
مختبر حيدر

Great video, what are the mass ratios between sodium chlorate and silicon?

Vor 3 Monate
Himanshu Singh
Himanshu Singh

Hi bro.

Vor 25 Tage
michaelrose93
michaelrose93

Interesting video! Odd concept though. If a rocket got stranded on Mars, I'm pretty sure everyone would know about it already.

Vor 3 Monate
ryan.m
ryan.m

Question: I'm sure I've seen this exact same process used to make sodium hydroxide... What is different here to make it produce sodium chlorate instead?

Vor 3 Monate
ryan.m
ryan.m

@ff ff thank you muchly 😃

Vor 3 Monate
ff ff
ff ff

almost the same yeh.. the difference is that for that you need a membrane cell, you pump in brine one one side , the membrane allows the sodium to pass, but the chlorine does not, when the sodium ions pass though you basically have sodium hydroxide, and hydrogen as byproduct, on the input side you have chlorine, and left over brine.. cheers!

Vor 3 Monate
Deejay Cross
Deejay Cross

Love the way we went from table salt to titanium to platinum

Vor 3 Monate
FurryChopstick
FurryChopstick

im british, living in estonia. I dont speak the language yet, so its sooo hard finding ingredients. not just for fun projects but for my workshop too :D thanks for sharing

Vor 3 Monate
ATIF ASHHAB ATIF
ATIF ASHHAB ATIF

I started looking at chemistry a lot differently since I ever knew Thoisoi, never gonna unsubscribe

Vor 3 Monate
Pradeep Chaudhary
Pradeep Chaudhary

hello thoisoi can this method of electroplating be used to make HHO(brown's gas) generator from cheaper metals?

Vor 3 Monate
Raidar Gaming
Raidar Gaming

OMG I have been waiting for this kind of rocket oxidizer for years!! Thanks a lot!! :D

Vor 3 Monate
HAIL FLOCH
HAIL FLOCH

@Raidar Gaming np, I'm glad I could help

Vor 3 Monate
Raidar Gaming
Raidar Gaming

@HAIL FLOCH yeah that might be the safest option for now. Thank you!

Vor 3 Monate
HAIL FLOCH
HAIL FLOCH

@Raidar Gaming the hydrogen will come mixed with chlorine and oxygen, so I don't think there is any safe way to store it. The hydrogen and chlorine mixture will explode under UV light, creating hydrochloric acid, and hydrogen and oxygen can easily self ignite. In my generator there is just a tube guiding the gases to an open area, where they are released.

Vor 3 Monate
Raidar Gaming
Raidar Gaming

@HAIL FLOCH yeah. I will try to build them soon. Only things im afraid of are the chlorine gas that might leak, and the hydrogen, that i wanted to give a use to.

Vor 3 Monate
HAIL FLOCH
HAIL FLOCH

@Raidar Gaming I have currently one NaClO3 cell running, I should make more of them. It's a pretty interesting project

Vor 3 Monate
Mikael Lövqvist
Mikael Lövqvist

I really enjoyed this! Thank you!

Vor 3 Monate
Danijelovski Kanal
Danijelovski Kanal

i've been trying to send a diy transmitter probe to the stratosphere for a long time,this is just what i needed!

Vor Monat
Chemistry of Questionable Quality
Chemistry of Questionable Quality

Getting a sodium chlorate rocket to work is impressive! No matter what fuel you use, they tend to explode. Why not go all the way to perchlorate and have a safer rocket? Sodium chlorate and perchlorate are pretty hygroscopic, you did a great job of avoiding this.

Vor 3 Monate
kitemanmusic
kitemanmusic

I used to make sodium chlorate rockets. Luckily I never had any explode!

Vor 3 Monate
Christina Palmer
Christina Palmer

That was potassium chlorate, not sodium chlorate. The beautiful purple flames are a dead giveaway. Guessing the home made sodium chlorate was not pure enough, so he went with commercial KClO3. NaClO3 would have made yellow flames.

Vor 3 Monate
Aaron Schwarz
Aaron Schwarz

Cool video :) Is there copper oxide on the wood in the background ? We hear that copper prevent bacterial growth that cause wood decay //

Vor 3 Monate
Galadriel
Galadriel

I've learned more from you, than what I learned in school.

Vor 3 Monate
Izzie
Izzie

Calling it now, Thoisoi will make it into orbit by 2032 with a Snickers powered rocket.

Vor 3 Monate
Oli Béres
Oli Béres

Super information! I wish people would make videos like this instead of perpetual motion sh.

Vor 3 Monate
Swede bug
Swede bug

I would really like to buy one of those high technology poles, It might come handy one day. :)

Vor 3 Monate
Ornstein DS
Ornstein DS

I love your vídeos, here i learn more than in the school in my own country lol Pls tell about the magnesium

Vor 3 Monate
Gw Wells
Gw Wells

very interesting.... boy a lot of work is put into everyone of your videos

Vor 3 Monate
P. Egholm
P. Egholm

Does it have to take 5 days? Would increasing the voltage or current make a difference?

Vor Monat
Paul Kocyla
Paul Kocyla

You can press a nozzle out of clay and use simple endburning fuel. It´s a safe solution. For hobby purposes, kitty liter proves fantastic for that. Use a big grinder to make the nozzle shape and a smaller one for the nozzle core.

Vor 3 Monate
TETRAP
TETRAP

The method presented cannot be used to obtain NaClO3 for rocket fuel. The residual NaCl must be removed, because not everything has reacted during the electrolysis. I assume you simply bought NaClO3 :) 11:04 - KClO4 is suitable for rockets... it is the most commonly used compound in pyrotechnics 13:11 - Mixtures with KClO3 are sensitive to friction and impacts, but do not detonate. This is not a detonation but a deflagration.

Vor 3 Monate
yewwtooob
yewwtooob

Not true. They taught us this in the Army with carbon electrodes. It works great.

Vor Monat
Annexiota
Annexiota

@Bob thebomb oh yeah absolutely, just not if the majority of the oxidiser is still only chloride and not chlorate, however if you aim for a perchlorate, there's a bit of redundancy, so at the least, you have chlorate instead of perchlorate rather than chloride instead of chlorate.

Vor 3 Monate
Bob thebomb
Bob thebomb

I assure you that chlorate mixtures can detonate.

Vor 3 Monate
Annexiota
Annexiota

Depends how long he ran the electrolysis for and whether he used a stirrer. if he left the anodic oxidation long enough for all the chloride that became the chlorate to gain another oxygen ion to become perchlorate then he could have done an ion exchange of the sodium perchlorate with potassium chloride as the resulting potassium perchlorate precipitates because it is not very soluble in water and much easier to dry, after that ion exchange reaction with potassium he'd then have NaCl left behind.

Vor 3 Monate
Casey Gates
Casey Gates

I work with kids, we are totally going to do this experiment! My guys are going to be STOKED!!!lol

Vor 3 Monate
none none
none none

I think at least one of the reaction products is fumed silica, at least from appearance, perhaps not important in a life or death situation on Mars, but best not to inhale that on Earth :) There could also be nanoparticles in that smoke, some fraction of them could be even useful.

Vor 3 Monate
Cosplay in MiniaturE
Cosplay in MiniaturE

It's not often you come across a technical video where absolutely no facts need be corrected for accuracy. Even the note about once you touch off a solid booster there's no off switch was stated. Nailed it across the board!

Vor 3 Monate
Mok214
Mok214

Actually, on Mars most of the water that can be found is in the form of brine and most likely the brine is most likely going to be from potassium perchlorate.

Vor 3 Monate
Zane Enaz
Zane Enaz

@Karolus 28 ...during the Mars wars.

Vor 3 Monate
Karolus 28
Karolus 28

how would potassium perchlorate get created on mars?

Vor 3 Monate
MajMat
MajMat

Could you use urine to make a fuel? I think you can. If so it would be good to see what you can come up with.

Vor 3 Monate
SMPKarma
SMPKarma

very interesting and informative video, but I'm not sure why you said potassium nitrate (KNO3) is too difficult to get. You used nitric acid for aqua regia, and the only other thing you need for KNO3 is a basic potassium compound, such as potassium carbonate or hydroxide. Very easy reaction, I've made quite a lot of KNO3 for homemade black powder. so yeah while the process for producing sodium chlorate was interesting to watch, the easier alternative is to... mix nitric acid and potassium carbonate, dry the product with heat and that's it basically.

Vor Monat
Thomas Crowe
Thomas Crowe

Thank you for your insights. Seed bombs. Fields of air breathing microgreens heading our way.

Vor 27 Tage
echs
echs

Looks like the Estes engines I used to use for rockets.

Vor 3 Monate
JOSEPH MWANGI NGURE
JOSEPH MWANGI NGURE

Wonderful lessons

Vor 3 Monate
Matt Owens
Matt Owens

Could you make a lightbulb with a gold or platinum filament?

Vor 3 Monate
DarkFrozenDepths
DarkFrozenDepths

Quite a few rocket based videos from science channels lately.... Are we planning to get into more space travel or something?

Vor 3 Monate
Zubair Ahmed
Zubair Ahmed

What would happen if I fill the fuel in a form of a cone ,or a the propeller? Will it be unstable?

Vor 3 Monate
R A2
R A2

You are a great fun just table salts and suger 👌 how you go glide through the chemistry was great 👍that is why salt and sugar is ruined our body if we take too much. You go to electroplating Titanium with platinum layering how white gold does 🤣

Vor Monat
nunya bisnass
nunya bisnass

Good stuff, love this channel.

Vor 3 Monate
Keith Brown
Keith Brown

Very well done sir enjoyed it very much

Vor 18 Tage
Jansen Art
Jansen Art

Next time make a rocket nozzle from epoxy too? maybe drill some holes into the cardboard wall at the very end to allow the nozzle some purchase

Vor 3 Monate
Jordan Sickels
Jordan Sickels

Love the video, you're using potassium chlorate for all of the actual rocket tests though aren't you? They have the characteristic potassium pinkish color when burned as opposed to the bright yellow that sodium yields.

Vor 3 Monate
H KJ
H KJ

Great episode!! Thank you.

Vor 3 Monate
luchok82
luchok82

what is the specific impulse of that engine and propellant + oxidizer?

Vor 3 Monate
Mark Short
Mark Short

Could you please make a more in-depth video on making platinum anodes.. buying them can get very expensive and there's so many fakes around that buying them is a real gamble

Vor 3 Monate
what else is on
what else is on

@Mark Short Cool. Well yeah, it's probably worth a try then.

Vor 3 Monate
Mark Short
Mark Short

@what else is on i can get enough platinum from old catalic converters for free but even for those who have to buy a little platinum, at least they can get real platinum and not the fake crap online that dissolves in an hour

Vor 3 Monate
what else is on
what else is on

Platinum is just expensive man. There's really no getting around it. Really though, he showed everything you need to know. Dissolve the metal in aqua regia, then plate it back out of solution onto a titanium cathode. Don't expect to save any money doing that though.

Vor 3 Monate
Samarth Barshi
Samarth Barshi

Can you use some catalyst to get more thrust??

Vor 3 Monate
pyro french
pyro french

Hello Nice tutoriel, where did you buyed your rocket tools? Thanks

Vor Monat
Ian Burton
Ian Burton

Very impressive! I must remembed to invite you on my next Mars trip.

Vor 3 Monate
Vaibhav Rai
Vaibhav Rai

Keep it up and all the best.. ❤️

Vor 3 Monate
Shanbo26
Shanbo26

Wouldn't it be easier to coat the titanium with a thin layer of gold leaf?

Vor 3 Monate
SilntObsvr
SilntObsvr

I see a serious safety issue with your chlorate cell: the mixture of hydrogen and chlorine that evolves from the cathode and anode can explode, from as little as exposure to the ultraviolet in sunlight. It would be safer to design the cell so that those two gases are captured separately.

Vor 3 Monate
Ryan Miller
Ryan Miller

Take the sodium colurate and some phosphorus off a match box, mix to a wet paste and dip the tips of matches in, once dried they will be VERY sensitive strike anywhere matches. If you try this, be sure to safely sore or dispose of the mixture and matches. They will ignite from falling on a hard surface. Use caution!

Vor 3 Monate
Greg Gallacci
Greg Gallacci

I used linseed-oil impregnated carbon rods as electrodes. They broke down over time and the carbon particles needed filtering. They were cheap...'gouging rods' with the copper stripped off.

Vor 3 Monate
psycronizer
psycronizer

wow ! never seen a chocolate bar do that before ! it's a good demo of how much energy is locked up in that sugar !

Vor 3 Monate
theLuigiFan0007
theLuigiFan0007

New method can burn 350 calories in seconds! Doctors hate him! /s

Vor 3 Monate
palsyddad
palsyddad

WARNING: that epoxy resin was a risky move! Most 2-part epoxy heats up when curing, and that heat can be enough to cause ignition!!! I have seen the carnage left by a homemade device that was sealed with epoxy and exploded. You're lucky that didn't happen to you, but it could happen to one of your viewers.

Vor 3 Monate
ItsTristan1st
ItsTristan1st

@palsyddad Interesting. I have embedded running electronics(on a large scale) in various epoxies without issue so my experiences are very different to yours. Maybe the homemade explosive was unstable to begin with. And there is also the possibility of the epoxy components reacting with the explosive. Ultimately epoxy can get hot but it should not(orders of magnitude) be getting hot enough to act as an ignition source.

Vor 2 Tage
palsyddad
palsyddad

@ItsTristan1st I've seen the aftermath of a homemade explosive that detonated when someone sealed it with epoxy, so yes it can heat up enough.

Vor 2 Tage
ItsTristan1st
ItsTristan1st

It does not heat up enough for that, especially not such a small quantity.

Vor 3 Tage
SiMpLe Pyro
SiMpLe Pyro

Good point that's what I thought at first but didn't see anyone saying anything about that!

Vor 3 Monate
Scott
Scott

Excellent informative video ! Subscribed !

Vor 3 Monate
Gordon Cooper
Gordon Cooper

I admire your ingenuity. However, there is no GPS equivalent on Mars. Setting out reflectors or signs would help the rescuers. How do you make a super white paint out of what's available on Mars? You could use semaphore to keep them updated via imaging satellites while they are preparing the rescue. Besides asking them to bring ketchup for the potatoes. Or shot glasses for the vodka that's been made from the potatoes.

Vor 3 Monate
XFolf
XFolf

Oh hey, we own the same power supply, love that lump.

Vor 3 Monate
Romualdas Kuzborskis
Romualdas Kuzborskis

How about using Lead (Pb) instead for an electrode?

Vor 3 Monate
Thomas Shepherd
Thomas Shepherd

*being a bored scientist in Russia *Makes homemade solid rocket engine 😂 This channel is awesome

Vor 3 Monate
paradigm respawn
paradigm respawn

Wow! Thiosol looks really young for beinga Soviet Scientist!

Vor 3 Monate
AG.
AG.

Thanks for the informative video.

Vor 3 Monate
lookronjon
lookronjon

I can already imagine playing basketball on Mars. Could you imagine how tall and how high the players will be able to jump? 62% less gravity.

Vor 3 Monate
logan graham
logan graham

so you need nitric acid to get the platinum ... just mix the nitric acid with potassium and then you get potassium nitrate. so could this be done without the platinum?

Vor 3 Monate
Viagra
Viagra

judging from the purple hue it looks like you used a potassium compound for the silicone mix

Vor 3 Monate
divertechnology
divertechnology

your the best man, love this channel

Vor 3 Monate

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